Many have pondered upon the meaning of abortion. The argument beingthat every child born should be wanted, and others who believe that everychild conceived should be born (Sass vii). This has been a controversialtopic for years. Many people want to be able to decide the destiny ofothers. Everyone in the United States is covered under the United Statesconstitution, and under the 14th Amendment women have been given the choiceof abortion. In 1973, Harry A. Blackmun wrote the majority opinion thatit's a women's right to have an abortion. Roe v. Wade legalized abortion.Even though these people have been given the right, the case is not closed.Pro-life activists carry a strong argument, and continue to push theirbeliefs. They feel so strongly about these beliefs that violence hasbroken out in some known instances. Pro-choice activists, on the otherhand, also carry very strong points. They believe that the child insidethem is their property and it's life doesn't be until birth. In 1973, theUnited States Supreme Court decided that as long as the baby lived in thewomb, he or she would be the property of the mother. Because of thisdecision almost every third baby conceived in America is killed byabortion, over one and a half million babies a year (Willke vii). Manycountries have followed our decision on the abortion issue and some ofthese include Canada, England, and France. Other countries still believeabortion should be illegal, they include Germany, Ireland, and New Zealand.Although many believe that abortion is a women's choice, abortion should bebanned because its immoral and life begins at conception. Abortion is the choice of a women whether or not she want's to receiveone. Under the 14th Amendment's "personal liberty" women are given theright to receive an abortion. The 14th Amendment's concept of "personalliberty" and restrictions on state action is enough to allow a women'sdecision whether or not to terminate her pregnancy. The right to choose tohave an abortion is so personal and essential to women's lives that withoutthis right women cannot exercise other fundamental rights and libertiesguaranteed by the Constitution (Paltrow 72). The state can't interfere inthe private lives of a citizen. Without the right to choose an abortionthe 14th Amendment's guarantee of liberty has little meaning for women.With the right to choose abortion, women are able to enjoy, like men, therights to fully use the powers of their minds and bodies (Paltrow 73). Aman can withdraw from a relationship as soon as he finds out about apregnancy. There is no question of his involve t after that, he has madehis choice. It is only fair to say that women should be given the samechoice. If one doesn't want to hold the responsibilities of a child thanshe should be able to have the choice of abortion in her options. " Becausecontraceptives fail, and because they are not always available or possibleto use, abortion is necessary if people are to be able to determine whetherand when to "bear or beget a child"(Paltrow 72). Couples choose thealternative of abortion so they can start or expand their families whenthey feel most ready and able to care for them. Women choose to have anabortion because pregnancy and childbirth can prevent them from keepingtheir jobs, from feeding their families, and from serving others in waysthey consider necessary and appropriate. Pregnancy and child birth maydetermine whether a women ever gets to start or complete her education,which will significantly influence her ability to support herself and herfamily. The availabilit y of abortion makes it possible for people notonly to choose the number of children they want, but also to create thekind of family life they have always wanted for themselves, to meet theirresponsibilities. If a women cannot choose to terminate an unwantedpregnancy, she is denied the right to the "possession and control" of herown body. One of the most sacred rights of common law is to choose and ifa women can't do this than their most important possession is taken away.Abortion isn't only a women's right, it's a women's choice. However, allowing abortion to be legal is immoral. A pre-born child isgiven the status of a "product of pregnancy" and never seen as the miracleonly a women can create. Compassion for the small one is drowned out undera demand for "rights", but what about the rights for the unborn. "A womenhas a right to her own body" is an idea more and more women are realizing,but that idea ignores the unborn child's right to his or her body. Never,in modern times, has the state granted to one citizen the right to haveanother killed in order to solve their personal, social, or economicproblems. the embryo is its own being that should have it's own rights to
protect it. The zygote is a unique genetic being (Zindler 27). If one wasto abort an embryo than that embryo, that human life would never beduplicated. A scientist that may have found the cure to A.I.D.S. would bekilled. There is a better way to solve our problems than by killingchildren. A fertilized egg is the most beauti , most innocent being that wecould ever create, and can redeem even the worst of our mistakes. Thisfertilized egg is not just a mass of tissue, for if it were than therewould be no debate. A fetus feels pain. Ultra sound, fetoscopy, study ofthe fetal EKG (electrocardiogram) and fetal EEG (electroencephalogram) havedemonstrated the remarkable responsiveness of the human fetus to pain,touch and sound (willke 64). The fetus responds to light, heat, cold, andtaste. Observations of the fetal movements in saline abortions indicatesthat the fetus experiences discomfort as it dies. One doctor who, the NewYork Times, wrote "conscientiously performs" saline abortions stated, "whenhe injected the saline, he often saw an increase in fetal movements"(Willke 64). In another case, a film using mew sonographic techniques,shows the outline of the child in the womb thrashing to resist the suctiondevice before it tears off the head. Then you see the dead childdismembered child and t he head crushed (Edwards 40). This is murder.Nobody who sees this film will speak again of "painless" abortion. Afterthe doctor who performed this procedure saw this film, he never performedanother abortion again. But, many doctors still do perform abortion, andin some instances a live child is killed. "About once a day, somewhere inthe United States, something goes wrong and an abortion results in a livebaby" (Willke 76). Forty five out of six hundred and seven mid trimesterabortions done in Connecticut in 1974-1976 resulted in live births (Willke76). In these cases the child was killed in cold blooded murder. It isimmoral to kill, therefore abortion is immoral. Finally, abortion should be banned because life begins at conception.The individual sex cell consists of 23 chromosomes. It is only throughcombination, however, that the sex cells contain the full complement ofheredity units that defines a human being (Shettles 17). This procedure ofcombination defines conception. After the merger of the two sex cells 46chromosomes are present. This is what makes a human being. The merger iscomplete within twelve hours, at which time the egg is fertilized andbecomes known technically as the "zygote". The inherited characteristicsof a unique human being has been established, and in no circumstances willit change (Shettles 17). Nothing from this time on, until death, willanything be added. The definition of alive is that a being is growing,developing, maturing, and replacing its own dying cells. It means not beingdead. At the very time conception begins the zygote is growing,developing, maturing, and replacing its own dying cel It's alive. Thesingle-celled fertilized ovum cannot by any stretch of the imagination beconsidered part of a women's body. This new living being has a genetic setup unlike anyone else's, totally different from the cells of the mother'sbody. It makes no difference to assume that human life is more humanpost-born than pre-born. What is critical to figure out is if it is orisn't human life, and of coarse it is human life. At 18 days the heart ispumping through a closed circulatory system, with blood whose type isdifferent from that of the mother. At 40 days the brain begins tofunction. In the 16th week motion has been detected. At 6 and 1/2 weeksall twenty milk-teeth buds are present. During the eighth week the baby'sstomach secretes gastric juice, and all it's body system is present. Thebaby dreams, thinks, and feels pain. This is definitely a child, and noone on the face of this earth would be here if they weren't conceived. In summary, abortion can be justified by a women's right to choose, butit should be banned because it's immoral and life begins at conception.Women have been given the right to have an abortion under the United StatesConstitution, but this right is still being protested by the people thatfight for the unborn's rights. Pro-life activists claim that its immoralbecause it is simply defined as murder. Life begins at conception isanother strong point brought up by pro-life activists. Before a child isborn it is given all it's necessities to survive. Notice the operativeword is before. Before birth the childs heart beats, the gastric juicesflow in the stomach, and all its necessary organs have been made present.This is a child that thinks, dreams, and feels pain. Yes, some women maylook at having an abortion to solve her personal problems, but in all,women are abandoning the abortion because it weakens their great strengths:creation, compassion and the ability to loo eneath the surface ofappearance of things. Maybe soon the abortion issue will reverse, andpeople will see the rights of the unborn as greater importance than that ofa personal right.