Affirmative Action/Application for Project Funding term paper 41684

Affirmative Action term papers
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1. Project Identification

A) Project title:

B) Location of Proposed Project

Barangay / Village : To de identified after Conduct of Baseline Data on Target Provinces

Town / Municipality : To de identified after Conduct of Baseline Data on Target Provinces

Province/ Region :

C) Implementing Organization

The ______________________________________________________, the primary support organization of the _________________________________________, will serve as the Executing Agency. It shall provide overall direction and guidance consistent with the stated objectives. Funds will flow directly to __________________, in conjunction with appropriate reporting and auditing procedures.

D) Contact Information

Contact Person :

Title / Function :

Address :

Telephone Number :

Cell phone :

Fax Number :

Email :

E) About HPFP

The beginnings of the ________________________________________, an alliance of low-income groups composed of families saving for secure shelter and land tenure, can be traced from the various community-based welfare programs organized by the _____________________________ in Payatas as far back as year 1993.

The savings program that evolved through the years became the backbone of these welfare and sector-based programs of vulnerable groups (e.g. child development and nutrition program, wastepickers� promotion, disabled persons rehabilitation, elderly care, and young scavengers� welfare promotion) was seen as an effective mechanism towards poverty alleviation and an answer to various community issues most importantly land tenure and shelter issues.

The years between 1995 to 1998 can be described as years of expansion for the federation beyond the borders of Payatas. As news about the success of the Payatas savings program drew other communities to have �community exposures� in Payatas, the federation grew informally expanding its reach as far as other parts of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.

Finally, when the need to consolidate all the low income groups in order to create a strong mass representation for the purpose of advocacy, __________________ was formally registered at the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 2001.

Since its inception, __________ have continued to promote savings or community finance as a strategy to alleviate poverty and reduce vulnerability of the informal settlers affected by land-intensive and commercial development projects.

The calamities and natural disasters of recent years also brought to fore the issue of the massive destruction of these untoward occurrences especially on the poorest regions of the country. This challenged _________to expand its savings program to regions that have been affected by recent disasters.

2. Project Description

A. Brief summary of the Project

The project being proposed by the _______________________________ mainly aims to involve poor communities living along the typhoon belt regions of Bicol and Eastern Visayas in promoting self-reliant and community-based strategies to mitigate their vulnerability to disasters.

The poor who are most likely to have few economic reserves are left with little means to recover and withstand the impact of disaster. As part of disaster mitigation approach, ________ together with local communities in the project areas will promote savings in the high-risk regions for the purpose of acquiring safe and secure resettlement sites. This will reduce the risk of communities who are presently residing in unsafe areas especially during disasters. Savings Program forms the focal point of the community�s participation to manage the risk of disasters to their communities even before it happens.

Among the major activities that will be undertaken are community surveys, setting-up of local organizations, savings program implementation, engagements and participation with the present local government�s disaster mitigation processes and related institutional arrangements.

Community Surveys

During disasters, qualified community data and records on the number of families, economic profile, number of family members, and other data required to address their specific needs are often lacking. This lack of community information largely affects the relevance and appropriateness of relief response and other long-term solutions to reduce the impact and vulnerability of the families during disasters. Thus the project being proposed will entail the conduct of community surveys in the project areas with the help of community volunteers. The data that will be generated will be utilized during the engagements of participating communities with the local government regarding disaster mitigation. Such information can also be used to challenge the relevance of existing strategies for disaster mitigation.

Setting-up of Local Organizations

At the beginning phase________ involvement is rather active which will involve community visits to gather initial data and will also entail the conduct of Savings Program Orientation in the proposed project areas. Interested communities who would like to implement the savings program will then be assisted to form themselves into local organizations where members will officially register. Following the election of officers, ________ will continue to assist them by giving them capacity-building seminars like Organizational and Development Training, hands-on training or community exposures on the Savings Program implementation, and Land Research and Documentation Training among others.

Savings Program

Savings in the context of this project becomes the means to organize as well as the strategy to involve local communities in reducing future risks of disaster. The poor who are often left with meager means to recover from disasters, need not wait for future calamities before they start taking community-based initiatives to reduce their vulnerability and risks to disasters. The savings will be mainly intended for relocation to more secure lands.

Engagement with the Local Government and Participation in Government Processes

________ as much as possible trains and empowers the communities to maximize all possible spaces of participation in the local government and utilize them as opportunities to meet other collaborators who are willing to help them in their community issues. Hopefully, these engagements and participation will allow them to share their community-based strategies in reducing their risks and vulnerability in times of disaster to the local government and other stakeholders.

B) Project Background.

The proposed project areas will be Bicol Region and Eastern Visayas. Two aspects were considered why these regions were identified as program areas. The first is the fact that these two regions are lagging behind in terms of economic development compared to other regions in the country. The other reason is the risk of the areas to environmental disasters namely: typhoons and rainfall change. The vulnerability of the two project areas to potential environmental disasters is compounded by the poverty of the people which will leave the families in the area with little protection during untoward environmental incidents. In this regard, this project aims to mobilize the local communities in order to increase their awareness and capability in developing community-led strategies for disaster preparedness and mitigation.

The two table below, indicates the ranking of the type of vulnerability of the regions to environmental disasters. (Based on PAG-ASA Research.)

Risk to Typhoons

Northern Luzon, Southeastern Luzon and Eastern Visayas are the areas highly at risk to the occurrence of tropical depressions, tropical storms, typhoons and super typhoons

The top 20 provinces at risk to typhoons are:

1. Cagayan

2. Albay

3. Ifugao

4. Sorsogon

5. Kalinga

6. Ilocos Sur

7. Ilocos Norte

8. Camarines Norte

9. Mountain Province

10. Camarines Sur

11. Northern Samar

12. Catanduanes

13. Apayao

14. Pampanga

15. La Union

16. Nueva Ecija

17. Pangasinan

18. Masbate

19. Tarlac

20. Western Samar

Risk to Projected Rainfall Change

The map of risk to projected rainfall change shown below incorporates both rainfall decrease during the dry season and rainfall increase during the wet season. The areas most at risk to projected rainfall changes are Central, South and Southeast Luzon and Eastern Visayas.

The top 20 provinces at risk to projected rainfall change are:

1. Albay

2. Pampanga

3. Ifugao

4. Rizal

5. Cavite

6. Sorsogon

7. Laguna

8. Biliran

9. Batangas

10. Pangasinan

11. Masbate

12. Metro Manila

13. Tarlac

14. Nueva Ecija

15. Northern Samar

16. Aklan

17. Capiz

18. La Union

19. Western Samar

20. Romblon

C) Purpose and Objectives of the Project

The overall objective of this project is to involve local communities in evolving disaster preparedness and mitigation processes and related institutional arrangements based on learnings derived from previous post-disaster experiences of the families in the project areas.

The most economically poor, who are often with little or no economic reserve, will have no means to recover from the impact of disasters. This project also aims, by and large to promote economic self-reliance through savings among impoverished communities who are living in areas which have been mapped-out as vulnerable to disasters. Thus, reducing their economic vulnerability and preparing them to manage the risks involve in future disasters.

The following intermediate objectives will be guiding the activities for the fulfillment of the above general objectives:

1 To conduct community surveys and enumerations in the proposed project areas;

2. To facilitate the mobilization of communities in the project areas into local organizations;

3. To utilize saving for secure land and shelter as a community mobilization and organization tool;

4. To develop community-led disaster preparedness and mitigation strategies;

5. To engage the local government and other stakeholders in evaluating and improving the existing disaster preparedness and mitigation policies and processes, and

6. To document the learning of the affected families during disasters and bring them to bear on improving disaster preparedness and mitigation processes and related institutional arrangements.

D) Expected Results

Problem Area: Extent and Nature of Post-Disaster Mitigation Assistance:

Post-disaster mitigation activities are often concentrated on these two aspects, namely, rehabilitation of the physical infrastructure and delivery of immediate relief such as food, water, temporary shelter, and clothing to affected families. In Bicol Region, some of the affected families whose homes and livelihood have been destroyed by Typhoon Reming in December 2006 continue to be in the evacuation after nearly ten months. There seem to be an absence of long-term direct assistance to these families in particular to the families� need for a permanent relocation or resettlement to areas that are not vulnerable to disaster.

In line with this, this project aims to offer an alternative solution to the issue of the shelter problem of the people who are in the evacuation centers and of those familes who have been forced to go back to their partly damaged-homes located in disaster-risk areas. This project aims to promote self-reliance through individual savings for the purpose of land acquisition where they can build secure shelter.

Expected

Results

(change brought about by project implementation) Indicators (Qualitative/

Quantitative)

Effects on the Community/

Area

Appreciation of the Savings Program as a community tool to promote self-reliance in disaster mitigation as opposed to dependence on short-term stop-gap measures of relief assistance during post-disaster mitigation activities. Increasing Number of Community Savers & Increasing Real Monthly Savings Self-reliance and Community Cooperation to Promote a savings as a way of life

Problem: Lack of Community Participation in Disaster Mitigation Processes and Institutional Arrangements

Post-disaster experiences provide the springboard for communities affected by the disaster, for the government as well as other stakeholders to evaluate the experience and improve the existing processes and institutional arrangements related to disaster preparedness and mitigation. The experience of affected families in the post-disaster mobilization and management of resources is often limited owing to the �top-down� approach where the government figures out what the needs of affected communities in times of disaster and delivers those needs. There seem to be a need to strengthen the process of consultation with the affected families how the limited resources can be used for short and long-term needs.

In line with this, this program aims to challenge the communities to engage the government by participating in the available social and political space within its present set-up and hopefully contribute to the improvement of the present policies, strategies and institutional arrangements for disaster preparedness and mitigation.

Expected

Results

(change brought about by project implementation) Indicators (Qualitative/

Quantitative)

Effects on the Community/

Area

Inclusion/participation of organized groups in the decision-making for and planning and implementation of Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation Program Attendance in Consultation Meetings (to be refined later) Participation in Community Issues and a more community-based approach in disaster mitigation

E) Project Type

- Community involvement in community diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation;

- Community building and organizational development of community based organizations

(CBOs) and people�s organizations (POs)

3. Project Implementation

Below is the tentative general schedule of activities. The implementation of the following activities depends on the local realities that will be encountered once the project formally begins. Utmost reference will be made to the enumerated listing of activities in order to ensure ideal flow of project as earmarked.

Contents of Table withheld.

D) Major Risks that Could Affect the Successful Implementation of the Project

a. Misgivings of the Local People to the Program

One of the major problems which _____ will face in the project areas especially in the Bicol region is the reception of the local community who have reservations to the Savings Program. Misgivings to ______ programs arise from the bad experience of Bicolanos from other non-government organizations which use the people�s needs to obtain financial aid from donor organizations. There are some reported incidents where NGOs only obtain the signature of the people to justify acknowledgement of donations but help have not actually reached intended beneficiaries.

b. Dole-out Mentality

The other problem that might pose risk to the success of the project is that the program takes time to come to fruition. It is a process-oriented program that entails organizing the community into a legal group, requires series of consultations and orientations with the various stakeholders for the program to be fully appreciated, and involves building the people to take responsibility to solve their own community concerns.

E) Proposed Monitoring and Reporting Schemes

The ______, as Implementing Agency, shall provide regular narrative and financial reports to the Executing Agency, based on agreed upon schedules and formats. These shall provide an overview and evaluation of the different activities implemented during a reporting period, with particular attention on institutional recommendations. Constraints and other variance factors shall also be noted in order gain lessons that may be replicated. A final report shall be submitted at the end of the project period.

4. Beneficiaries and Participants:

A) Who will benefit from the project and how will these benefits be realized? (Total number of recipients and

number of women/children). Indicate direct/indirect beneficiaries;

The exact community data as to the number of families will be identified as soon as the process of community survey and enumeration is undertaken.

B) Are there any beneficial impacts of the project on children?

The children will indirectly benefit from the project since they are going to be the first to enjoy a more safe and secure life and environment once the savings of the people are successfully utilized to purchase relocation lands away from areas that are vulnerable to disasters.

C / D) Were the beneficiaries involved in the decision to seek funding and the planning and design of the project? If so, how?

The current strategies such as community surveys and enumeration, savings program, engagements and participation in the local government processes have been tested over time as effective and enriching opportunities for the local communities to develop their capacities as people�s organization. The above activity formats are the springboards for local communities to form their opinion, knowledge-base, and learnings regarding crucial community issues. The lessons learned in the process of going through these various activities will help them to refine and contribute to the future design and framework of disaster mitigation processes and institutional arrangements at the community level and later to scale it city-wide.

E) When the project has been completed, what will their future participation be?

Once the project is completed the beneficiaries or project participants will share their experiences to future expansion areas. They will also be challenged to continue their savings program to prepare for other community needs thus, expanding their economic protection in times of disasters and calamities.

F) List the names of the members of the local committee responsible for submitting this proposal along with their functions and responsibilities.

Contents of table withheld.

5. Summary Project Budget:

Contents of Budget withheld.

B) Community Resources

The primary contribution of the community is in the form of warm bodies who will be trained to undertake the community surveys and enumeration. Also, the local communities will be the one to provide the human resources in managing and implementing the savings program.

6. Sustainability

Formation and Institutionalization of Social Processes and Systems at Community Level

One of the impacts of the foregoing project is in terms of formation of social processes and systems within the community. Such social processes will institutionalize how post-disaster reflections and learnings of local communities can be brought to bear on the strategies how to prepare for disasters and mitigate compounding effects thereof. This impact is long lasting because the social processes and systems that will be developed to reduce the vulnerability of the poor in the selected typhoon belt project areas will stay with the community even after the term of the project. The social processes and social institutions that will be formed will also provide the platform where the people will be allowed to forge continuing community-based and community-led disaster mitigation strategies and subsequently scale such engagements to city-level.

Enhancing People�s Capacities to Address their Community Needs

The project likewise will capitalize on people�s capacities. Thus, as part of the major activities enhancing people skills are aimed through seminars such as Organizational Development Training, Hands-on Training and Exposure Trips on Community Savings, Orientation on How to Conduct Community Surveys and Technical Training on Land Research and Documentation among others. All of these and the lessons and skills that can be obtained from these various capability-building activities will have long-term benefit to the community.

6. Impact on Women in Development

Without prejudice, participation of women in the project implementation will be highly encouraged. The women will highly benefit from the various capacity-building opportunities of the project. The women�s nurturing character hopefully will make the project more sensitive to the needs of the children and other minorities in the community who often do not have the capacity to articulate their specific concerns at community level. In the course of the project term, women�s household management skills will have the chance to be refined and to enrich also the design of the project.

7. Impact on the Environment

Within the immediate year of implementation (January 2008 � December 2008), the project will have no negative impact on the environment. Although, unused agricultural lands can be targeted as possible relocation for project beneficiaries or participants, the implementing organization together with the local communities will make sure that conversion of agricultural lands for residential relocation program will not be to such extent that it will pose environmental hazards to the region.

8. Cultural Dimension

The dole-out mentality and free assistance approach usually characterizes disaster-related activities. This is more pronounced in the Bicol area because this region frequently visited by typhoon and experiences threats of volcanic eruptions and mudslide. Generations of local and international aid have bred a culture of being used to short-term solutions to their local issues.

________would like to challenge this cultural orientation and mindset of simply being contented with short-run solutions to local issues that need to be addressed with long-term solutions like the issue of families occupying danger and high risk areas.

9. Please attach the following supporting documents:

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