Pablo Picasso

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Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain, son of an artist, Jose Ruiz, and Maria Picasso. Pablo decided at a young age to adopt his mother s name Picasso, rather than his father s much more common name, Ruiz . An artistic prodigy, Picasso, at the age of 14, completed the one month qualifying examination of the Academy of Fine Arts in Barcelona in one day. From there he went to the Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, returning in 1900 to Barcelona, where he spent a lot of time in the city's famous cabaret of intellectuals and artists, Els Quatre Gats. Picasso was probably the most famous artist of the twentieth century. During his artistic career, which lasted more than 75 years, he created thousands of works, not only paintings but also sculptures, prints, and ceramics, using all kinds of materials. He almost single handedly created modern art. He changed art possibly more profoundly than any other artist of the 19th century. The years of 1901 to 1904, known as the "blue period" because of the types of paintings Picasso was painting, some of the painting of that time include: The cause of the change in Picasso s painting were because at the time he frequently was changing residence between Barcelona and Paris. During this period, he would spend his days in Paris studying the masterworks at the Louvre and during the nights enjoying the company of fellow artists at cabarets like the Lapin Agile. In 1905 and 1906 Picasso made a radical change in color and mood in his paintings. He became fascinated with the acrobats, clowns and wandering families of the circus world. He started to paint in subtle pinks and grays, often highlighted with brighter tones. This was known as his "rose period." The 1920's for Picasso were good years. Picasso continued to design theater sets and painted in Cubist, Classical and Surreal modes. From 1929 to 1931, he did iron sculptures with his old friend Julio Gonzalez. In the early 1930's, Picasso did a large quantity of graphic illustrations. During World War II, Picasso lived in Paris, where he turned his energy to the art of ceramics. From 1947 to 1950, he pursued new methods of lithography. The l950's saw the beginning of a number of large retrospective exhibits of his works. During this time he began to a paint a series of works thought of as free variations on old master paintings. In the 1960's, he produced a very large 50-foot sculpture for the Chicago Civic Center. In 1970, Picasso donated more than 800 of his works to the Berenguer de Aguilar Palace Museum in Barcelona. Pablo Picasso died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France at the age of 91. Picasso also dealt with ceramics and other objects as well as paintings, during his long and productive life. The bronze bust, Fernande Olivier, created in 1909 showed his ability to design sculptures. It was also known as Head of a Woman. As well as Head of a Woman, he created Man with sheep made in 1944, an over life size bronze and a statue called She Goat, made in 1950 by assembling flowerpots, a wicker basket and other odd objects. He also made constructions such as Mandolin and Clarinet in 1914, from wood, metal, paper, and nonartistic materials. His Glass of Absinthe made in 1914 was made out of a silver sugar strainer with a painted bronze sculpture. Picasso was most famous for his abstract paintings. He painted many, many paintings over the course of his 75

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