Arts/ Pablo Picasso term paper 19390

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Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Malaga,

Spain, son of an artist, Jose Ruiz, and Maria Picasso.

Pablo decided at a young age to adopt his mother s

name Picasso, rather than his father s much more

common name, Ruiz . An artistic prodigy, Picasso, at

the age of 14, completed the one month qualifying

examination of the Academy of Fine Arts in Barcelona

in one day. From there he went to the Academy of San

Fernando in Madrid, returning in 1900 to Barcelona,

where he spent a lot of time in the city's famous cabaret

of intellectuals and artists, Els Quatre Gats.

Picasso was probably the most famous artist of the

twentieth century. During his artistic career, which

lasted more than 75 years, he created thousands of

works, not only paintings but also sculptures, prints,

and ceramics, using all kinds of materials. He almost

single handedly created modern art. He changed art

possibly more profoundly than any other artist of the

19th century.

The years of 1901 to 1904, known as the "blue

period" because of the types of paintings Picasso was

painting, some of the painting of that time include: The

cause of the change in Picasso s painting were

because at the time he frequently was changing

residence between Barcelona and Paris. During this

period, he would spend his days in Paris studying the

masterworks at the Louvre and during the nights

enjoying the company of fellow artists at cabarets like

the Lapin Agile.

In 1905 and 1906 Picasso made a radical change

in color and mood in his paintings. He became

fascinated with the acrobats, clowns and wandering

families of the circus world. He started to paint in subtle

pinks and grays, often highlighted with brighter tones.

This was known as his "rose period."

The 1920's for Picasso were good years. Picasso

continued to design theater sets and painted in

Cubist, Classical and Surreal modes. From 1929 to

1931, he did iron sculptures with his old friend Julio

Gonzalez. In the early 1930's, Picasso did a large

quantity of graphic illustrations.

During World War II, Picasso lived in Paris, where

he turned his energy to the art of ceramics. From

1947 to 1950, he pursued new methods of lithography.

The l950's saw the beginning of a number of large

retrospective exhibits of his works. During this time

he began to a paint a series of works thought of as free

variations on old master paintings.

In the 1960's, he produced a very large 50-foot

sculpture for the Chicago Civic Center. In 1970,

Picasso donated more than 800 of his works to the

Berenguer de Aguilar Palace Museum in Barcelona.

Pablo Picasso died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins,

France at the age of 91.

Picasso also dealt with ceramics and other objects as

well as paintings, during his long and productive life. The

bronze bust, Fernande Olivier, created in 1909 showed his

ability to design sculptures. It was also known as Head of a

Woman. As well as Head of a Woman, he created Man

with sheep made in 1944, an over life size bronze and a

statue called She Goat, made in 1950 by assembling

flowerpots, a wicker basket and other odd objects. He also

made constructions such as Mandolin and Clarinet in 1914,

from wood, metal, paper, and nonartistic materials. His

Glass of Absinthe made in 1914 was made out of a silver

sugar strainer with a painted bronze sculpture.

Picasso was most famous for his abstract paintings.

He painted many, many paintings over the course of his 75

year long career. Many of them are displayed all over the

world in various museums such as the Art institute of

Chicago where The Old Guitarist painted in 1903 and Daniel

Henry Kahnweiler painted in 1910 are on display. Another

museum where some of his works are kept, is the

Metropolitan Museum of Art where Girl Reading a table

made in 1934, Gertrude Stein painted in 1906 and Le Repas

Frugal painted in 1904 are all hung. Of course there are

many more paintings by Picasso and many more museums

where they kept but it would be impossible to list all of his


Of all the famous artists that ever lived I think Pablo

Picasso is my all time favorite. I like his creativity and his

ability to make works of art out of pots and baskets.

Although some of his paintings are a little off the wall and

odd looking they are still very cool in my opinion.


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