Html And How It Works

The Free essays given on our site were donated by anonymous users and should not be viewed as samples of our custom writing service. You are welcome to use them to inspire yourself for writing your own term paper. If you need a custom term paper related to the subject of Botany or Html And How It Works , you can hire a professional writer here in just a few clicks.

There are almost 300,000 Aborigines in Australia. About 34,500 live in Sydney. There is debate about when Aborigines migrated to Australia from Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian archipelago. There is evidence of occupation about 50,000 to 60,000 years ago. The earliest archaeological evidence of Aboriginal occupation of the Sydney area is 15,000 years ago at Emu Plains in Sydney's west. Captain Cook guessed that the population of Aborigines for all of Australia would have been about 150,000. Recent estimates are that the Aboriginal population was about 750,000 in 1788. Governor Phillip guessed that there were no more that 1500 Aborigines living in the Sydney area. The first official census of Aborigines did not take place until 1971. Aboriginal people throughout the Sydney area identified themselves more strongly as members of smaller clans or bands. There were an estimated 29 different bands liming in the Sydney area, and between seven and eleven based near the shares of Sydney Harbour and the nearby coast. Each band had approximately fifty members. The general collection of beliefs is known as the Dreaming. The Dreaming not only explains the past and how the present came to be, but also prescribes codes of conduct for important events. When Arthur Phillip was given his instructions from the British government before the First Fleet sailed, he was not instructed to negotiate or enter into treaties with the Aborigines for the use of purchase of land. To Europeans, possession or title to land depended on working or cultivating it. Cook had observed on his journey on the Endeavour that Aborigines did not work or improve the land, so that it was terra nullius, and therefore able to be claimed by the British government. The official instructions from the King, however, ordered Phillip to treat the Aborigines in a conciliatory fashion and that any wrongdoing towards them was to be punished. The critical difference between European and Aboriginal notions of land possession and ownership was that, for the Aborigines, there was no conception of the right of an individual to hold property to the exclusion of everyone else. For the colonists, there was no conception of anything else. Aborigines were closely connected to the land, but in a wider and more collective sense, not in the personal legalistic manner land was possessed in European society. From the outset, the stage was set for a fundamental and irreconcilable clash between cultures, which would soon impoverish the lives of Australia's indigenous people. Phillip's initial with the Aborigines was at Botany Bay. When he approached a group of armed Aborigines, they readily laid down their arms when Phillip indicated that they should. But they were not happy about the new arrivals and as the ships of the First Fleet sailed around to Port Jackson, Aborigines stood along the shores of the coast and harbour shouting 'warra warra' (go away). Thought the Aborigines were not aggressive, Phillip was impressed by their lack of fear, and named Manly Cove on the north side of Port Jackson in honour of 'their confidence and manly behaviour'. Word Count: 511

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Related Essays on Botany

Enzyme Report

Enzyme Activity Abstract: The purpose of this experiment is to test the effects of different sugar types with pH and temperatures. We are testing to see if there is a difference in reaction and r...

read more
History Of The Brooklyn Botanic Garden

A History of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden Growing from its humble beginnings as an ash dump in the late 1800's, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden has come to represent today the very best in urban ...

read more
Brave New World - The Motto

Community, Identity, and Stability. This motto seems to appropriately state the nature of the hatchery, as well as the nature of the world that Huxley creates. The center strives for community, id...

read more
George Washington Carver 2

George Washington Carver George Washington Carver was born near Diamond Grove, Missouri in 1864 on a plantation owned by a slave owner. His father, Moses Carver, and his mother, Susan Carver, were...

read more
George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver was born into slavery January of 1860 on the Moses Carver plantation in Diamond Grove, Missouri. He spent the first year of his life, the brutal days of border war, between ...

read more
Maria Gaetana Agnesi

Amanda Muller October 31, 2001 Historical Sketch 3 Math Concepts MW 1050 Maria Gaetana Agnesi Maria Agnesi was born in Milan, Italy on May 16, 1718. During her lifetime she accomplished qu...

read more