Propaganda and Censorship
The Nazi=s used many different types of propaganda and used various methods to censor. These included, the press, the radio, loud speakers, books, theatre, art and music, rallies and campaigns and films.
In the press nonNazi newspapers and magazines were closed down and taken over.
Goebbels also told editors what they could and could not print.
All of the radio stations were placed under Nazi control and cheap massproduced radios were sold. These radios were even installed in cafes and factories.
Loud speakers were placed in the streets to broadcasts speeches by Hitler and broadcast proNazi plays and stories.
In the cultural side of things, many writers, artists and composers were persuaded or forced to create works in praise of Hitler and the Third Reich. All journalists were banned and thousand of Jewish or anti Nazi books were destroyed in public book burnings, 1933.
Jazz music was banned because it was organised and mainly played by black people. Many modern arts were declared *degenerate= and art galleries were forced to get rid of it.
Rallies and Campaigns took place. There were annual mass rallies at Nuremberg and In 1936 there was and Olympic Games in Berlin, used to distract the public also, for
propaganda purposes. Spectacular parades were held on other special occasions. There were local rallies, marches and fundraising campaigns led by the SA. They also had a clever use of poster campaigns.
In Germany the cinema was very popular. Over 100 German (Nazi) films were made a year. All film plots has to be shown to Goebbels before production. Political films were made. Love stories and Thrillers given to pronazi slants.
The Importance of the Army in Nazi Germany.
Both Hitler’s attempted coups were put down by the army and he knew that it was only the German Army that had the power to overthrow him. The Reich War Minister was General Werner Von Blomberg, the commander in chief of the army was General Werner Von Fritsch. Hitler dismissed both these generals accusing them of being in with a prostitute. The new commander of the army was General Walther Von Brauchitsch. Hitler took over as Reich Minister and also made himself commander of the army. Von Keitel was made chief of staff ministers by Hitler. Hermann Goring was promoted to field marshal. He was already commander of chief over the air force.
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