Civil War/ Civil Engineering term paper 10221

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The need for Civil Engineers is rapidly growing from day to day. Civil Engineers are vital to the advancement of society. Civil Engineering is the combination of common knowledge and practical planning to the layout of the cities, towns, and communities being developed today. Civil Engineers are involved in the designing and building of the new structures surrounding us, as well as keeping them maintained. Also, Civil Engineers are responsible for finding efficient methods for updating city, town, and community structures. Civil Engineers are a necessity in the advancement of structures, businesses, cities, towns, and communities that are used daily.

Although Civil Engineers are among the lowest paid in the field of Engineering, their salary may reach $117,000 per year. Entry-level salaries, however, are among the highest of all Engineers. Entry-level Civil Engineers with a bachelor’s degree start with a salary near or above $33,000 a year. Those who have completed a masters degree generally earn about $35,000 a year, while students who have obtained a doctorate degree have a starting salary of about $47,000 annually. Civil Engineers who are employed by the government usually make more that those employed by private businesses. The average salary for a mid-level Civil Engineer is $46,000 (employed by a private company) and $61,000 (employed by the government). The top-level Civil Engineers – owners and top government employers -- may earn up to $117,000 a year. Every salary differs due to years of experience and time put into degrees.

The salaries earned by a Civil Engineer are backed by many years of education. All Civil Engineers mush receive a high school diploma or achieve an equivalent diploma. Students with an interest in becoming a Civil Engineer should focus on mathematics, sciences, computer science, English, and humanities. Interested students should also participate in many honors-level courses.

Once completing the necessary high school courses, students should enroll in a college or university to work toward a bachelor’s degree. A bachelor’s degree may be earned by completing a four or five-year accredited college or university. Also, a bachelor’s degree may be earned by participating in a five to ten-year CO-OP program, which is the act of attending class for part of the year and working in an engineering-related job for the rest of the year. Thirty percent of all engineers continue their education, and work to earn a masters degree.

For any engineer to be able to work with any project involving property, health, or life, they must become licensed. The engineering license, Professional Engineer (P. E.), can be obtained by taking a class and passing the license exam at the end of the course. Once Civil Engineers get their license, they are free to take their years of education and training and put them into good use.

Usually when Civil Engineers are in college or training, they have chosen a field of Civil Engineering in which they would want to be occupied. Civil Engineering can be broken into many different fields. Civil Engineers may be employed by the Department of Transportation designing new streets or bridges. Construction is another popular field within Civil Engineering. Designing drainage systems, sewer systems, pipelines, canals, and occasionally hydroelectric power facilities may also be a field of study for Civil Engineers. Environmental Civil Engineers are responsible for designing and testing methods for removing pollution from the air, water, and even soil. Community development Civil Engineering involves the planning and constructing of city streets, sewers, and drainage systems for developing cities, towns, and communities. Civil Engineering has many fields; as a result new engineers can be evolved in jobs that are satisfying.

After Civil Engineers have chosen and began working in their chosen field, a forty hour week is very common. Working conditions differ for field to field, but the conditions generally include working in offices, labs, factories, and actual project sites. Nearly forty percent of all Civil Engineers can be found working various jobs within the government. Most work on large public works projects. All types of Civil Engineers usually are involved in long-term, very time- consuming, projects, and some have to work ten to fifteen hours a day to meet deadlines.

Civil Engineering has been around for thousands of years; it is necessary for the advancement of the world. The future of Civil Engineering depends greatly on the condition of the economy. Some predictions state that Civil Engineers are expected to experience steady employment for the maintenance and repair of public works, such as highways and water systems. The government also plays a big part in the future of Civil Engineers. If the government decides to cut off some funds to help keep cities, towns, and communities updated, the number of Civil Engineers may decrease. Finally, the public plays a large role in the need for Civil Engineers. If the public becomes more concerned in the environment, more Civil Engineers will be need to establish new wastewater plants, recycling establishments, and toxic waste dump sites for industrial and residential waste products. Civil Engineers will always be in demand, they are the heart of many current establishments.

Civil Engineering improves daily. New processes and methods are always being developed to make projects more accurate, easier, and more efficient. The amount of training, number of engineers, and the average salaries will begin increasing as these developments are accepted. Civil Engineering will be around as long as there are objects that need to be constructed or updated. Throughout the years, the demand may increase or decrease. No matter what the future supplies, Civil Engineers will be considered the heart of many projects and solved problems.

Word Count: 932

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