John Locke Philosophy

The Free essays given on our site were donated by anonymous users and should not be viewed as samples of our custom writing service. You are welcome to use them to inspire yourself for writing your own term paper. If you need a custom term paper related to the subject of Civil War or John Locke Philosophy , you can hire a professional writer here in just a few clicks.
The basic elements in John Locke's political theory are natural rights, social contract, and government by consent, and right of revolution. Locke was very concerned with the "property right" and derived property right from higher law. He also declared that natural law remained valuable in civil society as the fundamental measure of men's rights. For him, natural law effectively begins and ends with the natural right of property. The true end of civil government is defending property and the right of property is the efficient restriction upon the powers of the government. Locke interpreted natural law as a claim to natural rights inherent in each individual. Equally, government and society exist to preserve the individual's rights and the indefeasibility of such rights is a limitation on the authority of both. According to Locke, primitive man existed in a "state of nature," which was one of peace, good will, mutual assistance, and preservation. The flaw of the state of nature lies merely in the fact that it has no organization to give effect to the rules of right, such as judges, written laws, and fixed penalties. However, in the state of nature, every man must protect his own as best he can. His right to his own and his duty to respect what is another's are as complete as ever they can become under civil government. Moral rights and duties are natural, morality makes law and not law makes morality. Governments have to give effect to what is naturally right before its enactment. From Locke s theory of the origin of private property, he concluded that the right to property is prior even to the primitive society, which he described as the state of nature. Each individual brings this right to society in his own person. Therefore, society does not create the right of property because the society cannot justly regulate it. At least in part, both society and civil government exist to protect the prior right to private property. Political power, according to Locke, can have no right unless it is derived from the individual rights of each man to protect himself and his property. The setting up of a civil government is insignificant for him than the original compact that makes a civil society. Once a majority has agreed to form a civil government, "the whole power of the community is naturally in them." The specific form or structure the government takes really depends on the disposition of the majority of the community. Moreover, legislative powers cannot take property without consent, which interpreted as majority-vote by Locke. Having made a distinction between civil society and civil government, Locke continues to discuss the right to oppose tyranny. Civil government exists for the well being of civil society and a government, which seriously jeopardizes social interests. A civil government can only be dissolved either by a change in the location of legislative power or by a violation of the trust which the people ha

Our inspirational collection of essays and research papers is available for free to our registered users

Related Essays on Civil War

Bartleby And Civil Disobedience

The extremely simplified definition of civil disobedience given by Webster s Dictionary is nonviolent opposition to a law through refusal to comply with it, on grounds of conscience. Thoreau in...

Arguement Definition

Right Intentions Wrong Choice In an earlier story that was reported, one Samuel Mohammed burnt down a house in his West Palm Beach community. However, the question is not if Mohammed burnt ...

Civil Trials

Civil Trials and Criminal Trials In order to fully understand the difference between civil trials and criminal trials you must understand the different aspects of the laws that comply with them ind...

Civil War & Disease

HI 378_Towns_Week 3 Why was disease the major killer of soldiers in the civil war? In the early years of the Civil War it became apparent that disease would be the greatest killer. Twice as...

The Civil War

Symposium Why did the Civil War Happen? Can any of you remember when you were 14 or 15 years old, and you wanted to do something but your parents would not let you? Well, this was the exact same ...

Civil Disobedience

Civil Disobedience: An Essay Civil disobedience helps democracy because it provides a means to insure that which is just and that which is right will prevail. Democracy, founded on the principle ...