Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818 in the city of Trier, Germany.
Marx was a revolutionary who advocated "merciless criticism of
everything existing" and was the co-originator of the theories of
In the autumn of 1843, Marx went to Paris in order to publish a
radical journal. It was in Paris in September, 1844 where he first
met life-long friend and associate Frederick Engels. Marx and Engels
were both active in various revolutionary groups and together
out the theory and tactics of "Revolutionary Proletarian Socialism"
Marx was banished from Paris in 1845 as a dangerous
He went to Brussels, Belgium. In the spring of 1847 Marx, along
Engels, joined a secret society called the "Communist League." At
the league's request they authored the " Communist Manifesto,"
outlines the theory of the class struggle, and of the revolutionary
role of the proletariat. Due to his revolutionary activities, Marx
was banished from Belgium in February 1848, finally ending up in
London in 1849 where he lived until his death.
In 1864 the "International Working Men's Association" was founded
London. Marx was a central figure in the new organization, and
author of its first statement, and a host of resolutions,
declarations and manifestos. His health was undermined by his
strenuous work for "International." The first volume of "Das
Kapital," Marx's most important work, appeared in 1867. Ultimately
ill-health prevented him from completing two other volumes.
On March 14 1883 Marx passed away peacefully in his armchair. He
lies buried at Highgate Cemetery in London.
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