Federalism, with its division of power and its democracy, is a better system of government than
that of communism. Within a federal government exists a central government, which is split up
into smaller divisions in order to keep all the ruling power spread out and not concentrated in one
place. Communism, on the other hand, attempts to completely get rid of the government and
create a society where everyone is equal and power is split up among the masses. Both systems
share this common idea, however when communism is put into practice, it does not succeed. It,
instead, ends up turning more into another form of government. It is because of this failure in
communism to achieve a stable government that Federalism is more effective.
Federalism is a form of government in which a national government and smaller subdivisions of
this are in charge. In the United States, there is the central government accompanied by the 50
state governments. The national government deals with issues that affect the entire nation.
Everything else is left up to the individual state governments. These governments know their states
well and can set up laws to better suit the people within them. It is for this reason that Federalism
works much better in a large nation. In a large nation, there are bound to be diverse needs which
can be met by the state government. This subdivision of government also leaves the national
government to deal with much broader topics that involve the whole nation, without having to
concentrate on these individual needs.
The political system that Federalism is based on democracy. A democracy is a government run
by the people, in which either people themselves make the laws and enforce them as a
governmental body, called a direct democracy, or they elect representatives to express the views
of the people, known as a representative democracy. There are two types of representative
democracy, presidential and parliamentary.
The social system of Federalism under this democracy is summed up fairly well by Carl Becker, a
distinguished political historian. Becker said that the basic beliefs surrounding a democracy are
within the creativity and individuality of the people. Because of this freedom of individuality,
political parties have come about, in which people with the same political views can join together
and support each other, two examples being the Republican and Democratic parties in the US.
Aside from letting individuals speak out, democracies see all humans as equals and government
will only exist if these people agree that it is working well. Although democracies have not been
common in history, the ones that did exist succeeded in governing their people well, such as the
one in the United States today.
The economy that works best with Federalism is capitalism. This economy began with the theory
of laissez faire, or a hands off economy. What this means is that once the economy starts rolling,
the government does not rule over it. It is left alone to change and govern itself. This economy is
based on competition between the citizens of the nation, called free enterprise. People want to
earn as much money as they can, but in order to do this they need to work hard to compete with
everyone else who have the same motives. Prices fluctuate based on supply and demand. The
government does not set a specific price for any goods or services. A perfect form of capitalism
has never been accomplished, but the modern day United States is very close.
Under Federalism, the military is not mandatory. People can join if they want to, but do not have
to, unless the country is at war and they are drafted. A military seems to grow particularly well in
a Federalist society. Currently, the Federalist military of the United States is the largest in the
world. Military is also not idealized, meaning it is not the most important part of Federalism. In
the US, the president is also the head of the military, showing that government comes before the
Communism is another form of government, in which after the social system and economy are
working by themselves, the government slips away, leaving the people to be self-ruling and equal.
Throughout history, many different people have come up with this idea of a utopian society, in
one form or another. Plato s Republic was based upon the idea of utopia. Communism began as
a direct response to early problems with capitalism. This idea was best explained in the book
Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. In this book, Marx and
Engels point out that every social system before their time that had class divisions also had many
class conflicts within it. The lower class was never happy with how the upper class governed
them, and they always wanted to move up in society.
It is because of this that the social structure of communism is that of total equality. Anyone that
holds an important office or rank must belong to the Communist Party. The government, before it
is tossed aside, makes sure that no one is better off than anyone else. They do this through
regulating the economy, military, and their own ruling power.
Communist government is a very complex form of government. It begins by taking control of all
economic and political activity. It gets everything moving along at a steady pace, making sure that
no one is gaining too much wealth or that anyone is being lost in it all. People work to the best of
their abilities and get paid only according to what they need. Even the people who fight in the
military are not of any higher rank than anyone else, no matter how powerful they think they are.
Once all of these aspects are running smoothly, the government and the Communist Party fade
away, leaving everything how it is, and only slightly looking after everything. This of course, is
only in theory. When put into actual practice, this concept of a utopian society has never worked.
The Soviet Union called itself Communist, however the government was still more powerful than
anyone and the military was a first-rate one.
The only form of economy that exists under a Communist government is a Communist economy.
Within this economy, everyone owns all means of manufacturing and production. No one owns
their own private land. People do not have to pay rent or interest, nor do they profit or get
wages. They work to the best of their abilities and get paid for whatever they need. Prices are set
by the amounts of work that are needed to make that product. Not only has a Communist
government never been fully established, but neither has a Communist economy. Private property
and free enterprise existed in the Soviet Union, even though it called itself a Communist society.
China, too, has ventured more toward a capitalistic economy, and less toward Marx and Engel s
vision of economy.
Federalism and communism are both forms of government, however almost every aspect within
them are different. The way that the government rules over its people is completely opposite from
one to the other. The economies of both systems are based on two totally different economic
systems. Despite these differences, some parts of the social systems and military are similar.
Overall, the main difference between Federalism and communism is that they are totally different
governments in theory, but in practice communism ends up having some Federalistic and some
fascist aspects, and losing many of its Communistic ones.
The style of government that Federalism uses is a democracy. This is where the people control
the government and have total say over it. A democracy is run for the people also. It listens to
what they want to have done. In communism, the government takes control of all happenings in
the Communists lives. They control how much money the people make, what the people need
and do not need, and they control all the politics. They do not give a say to their people. Once
they have established this, the Communist government disappears. This is exceptionally different
from Federalism in that Federalism has a government while communism s government leaves
when the time is right.
The way in which the governments of Federalism and communism are set up is also very
different. The Federalist government consists of a central government, which runs the nation as a
whole, with subdivisions of this government, which run the individual states or provinces.
Communism however, has a central government which rules alongside of the Communist Party.
These two groups head a Communist society.
Social status of Federalism and in the theory of communism are very much alike. Federalists
believe that all humans are equal and deserve equal rights. All people should acquire the same
benefits and everyone should have a chance to do well in life. Communists think on a similar line,
only much more extreme. They believe that everyone should be 100% equal. Private property is
not needed under communism because, since everyone is equal, land is everyone s to use.
People get paid according to their needs, so there are no rich or poor classes. Everyone ends up
with an equal status. This, of course, is only in theory. In actuality, communism has taken either a
more fascist or a more democratic view. In the case of the Soviet Union, the people owned land
and got paid wages, although they still called themselves Communists.
The economic system of Federalism, capitalism, and that of communism are two opposite
systems. Capitalism is a hands off economic system, while the Communist economy is
completely controlled by the government. Capitalism is based on competition between people.
The competitiveness of merchants gives the economy something to strive by. Communism does
not let competition exist. Everyone gets paid the same amount, therefore there is no reason to be
competitive. The capitalist economy gives incentive for people to try to hard to earn more money,
while the Communist economy leaves people wondering why they should even bother lifting a
finger. In order to determine pricing, capitalism uses supply and demand. Prices fluctuate
depending on availability and want, not because the government sets prices for items as they do
in a Communist economy.
The militaries in Federalism and communism are closely related. Neither military is idealized. Both
militaries can become very strong within these systems, however the Communist militaries are not
looked up to. Since everyone is equal in communism, the military is not regarded as a higher
group of people.
The one major difference that sets communism apart from Federalism is the simple fact that when
actually used, communism does not work. The idea of a utopian society does not function the
way it should. Federalism and all of its as
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