Criminology/ Death Penalty term paper 19788

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what do canadates think?

Al Gore

Al Gore on Crime : Sep 4, 2000

Use DNA techniques to make death penalty more fair

I believe the death penalty is an appropriate and effective punishment for certain offenses. I strongly support, however, the use of new DNA techniques that can make our criminal justice system fairer

and more accurate. I believe that we must take every possible precaution to ensure the integrity and fairness of the system when we apply this ultimate penalty. We must be vigilant in not allowing race,

class or absence of competent counsel to have any influence in such crucial decisions.“

Source: Associated Press

Source: Associated Press

Al Gore on Crime : Feb 21, 2000

Three Strikes should apply only to truly violent crimes

GORE: [Regarding race-biased sentencing], the disparities between crack & powder cocaine are not justified by the scientific evidence. The practices of many law-enforcement agencies need to be

changed.

BRADLEY: The issue of the criminal justice system is deeper than simply the death penalty. There is unequal justice in this country, not only racial profiling, not only

crack cocaine, but also in terms of kids getting mandatory sentences for first-time non-violent drug use and being put away 20 years. That should not happen.

GORE: We should review of the kinds of penalty that are calculated under the [policy of] “three strikes and you’re out.” The focus ought to be on truly violent crime. We

need to continue reducing the crime rate, and community policing is a good strategy. But we also need more prevention.

BRADLEY. This is a deeper moral issue for the country. We have to stop denying the plight of black Americans and the indignities that they’re experiencing.

Source: (X-ref to Bradley) Democrat debate in Harlem, NYC

Al Gore on Crime : Feb 21, 2000

Supports death penalty; no moratorium for new DNA techniques

Q: What about a moratorium on the death penalty based on new DNA evidence that has released numerous minority convicts?

A: I strongly support the inquiry under way right now in the US Justice Department to see whether or not the racial disparity on the surface of the data justifies action of a kind that they’re now

exploring. I do support the death penalty, but I do not support a moratorium at this time. This inquiry in the Justice Department should be pursued.

Source: Democrat debate in Harlem, NYC

Source: Socialist Party Platform

Al Gore on Crime : May 16, 1999

Death penalty for murdering federal officers

Al Gore has also worked for new measures to protect our men and women in blue - such as help in purchasing life-saving bullet-proof vests, and an expansion of the death penalty for drug kingpins,

murderers of federal law enforcement officers, and nearly 60 additional kinds of violent felons.

Source: www.AlGore2000.com/issues/crime.html 5/16/99

Ralph Nader

Ralph Nader on Crime : Aug 9, 2000

Moratorium on executions

Q: What impact could a president have on the death penalty?

A: First of all, moral leadership [via] the bully pulpit. And second, there are now increasing numbers of federal crimes that provide for the death penalty right under the

jurisdiction of the president.

Q: What would be your message to Bush about the double execution expected tonight?

A: Well, if I was Bush I would be pretty ashamed. I would do what Governor Ryan did in Illinois, and declare a moratorium, or urge a moratorium in Texas, in order to

determine how many defendants have been adequately represented by competent lawyers, and to review the whole process by which those who get executed in Texas

are overwhelmingly minorities. And crimes are committed by all segments of society, and I would hope that George Bush will wake up to it because it is going to haunt

him for the next few weeks, there are going to be all these executions coming. There is one now involving a retarded man.

Source: CNN: “Burden of Proof”

Ralph Nader on Crime : Aug 9, 2000

Death penalty does not deter

Q: Isn’t the death penalty really a states’ rights issue?

A: Well, it used to be, but now there are numerous federal crimes which provide for the death penalty, that’s a recent development. And a president, I think, should take

a strong stand. The death penalty has been shown, in study after study, not to deter homicides; it has been shown to be discriminatorily applied to the poor and the

defenseless, especially defendants who don’t have lawyers who stay awake at trial.

Source: CNN: “Burden of Proof”

Ralph Nader on Crime : Jul 23, 2000

Some executed by death penalty were innocent

Q: What about the death penalty?

A: There were 87 capital crime convictions overturned by [research on their cases conducted by] journalism students. Undoubtedly, some of those executed were

innocent.

Source: National Press Club interview (aired on NPR)

Ralph Nader on Crime : Jun 25, 2000

Death penalty does not deter & is discriminatory

Since I was a law student, I have been against the death penalty. It does not deter. It is severely discriminatory against minorities, especially since they’re given no competent legal counsel defense in

many cases. It’s a system that has to be perfect. You cannot execute one innocent person. No system is perfect. And to top it off, for those of you who are interested in the economics it, it costs more to

pursue a capital case toward execution than it does to have full life imprisonment without parole.“

Source: Meet the Press interview

George W. Bush

George W. Bush on Crime : Jun 2, 2000

Use DNA evidence for death penalty cases

Bush insists that the 30-day reprieve granted to death row inmate Ricky McGinn was done on procedural-not emotional-grounds. The delay-the first such reprieve Bush has issued since he took

office-will allow defense attorneys to seek DNA testing of crime scene evidence. “To the extent that DNA can prove for certain innocence or guilt, I think we need to use DNA,” Bush said. The

increasing trend toward the use of such science-based evidence has reshaped the national debate over capital punishment.

“It’s a case where we’re dealing with the man’s innocence or guilt,” Bush said. His recent comments reflect a new sensibility from just a few months ago, when he stated

emphatically: “There’s no doubt in my mind that each person who has been executed in our state was guilty of the crime committed.” Bush has not yet spared any

death row inmate, and in 1998 rejected a direct plea from the Vatican to spare the life of Karla Fay Tucker, who became the first woman put to death in Texas since the

Civil War.

Source: CNN.com

Bibliography

Source: CNN.com

Source: Meet the Press interview

Word Count: 1116

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