John Steinbeck

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John Ernst Steinbeck Chronology Born: February 27,1902 in the family home. He lived at 132 Central Avenue, Salinas, CA. He wrote his first stories here as a child. Father: John Ernst Steinbeck. He lived 1863-1935. He was the County Treasurer. Mother: Olive Hamilton Steinbeck. She lived 1867-1934. She was an elementary teacher. Sisters: Elizabeth Steinbeck Ainsworth. She was born on May 25,1894 and died on October 20, 1992. She lived in Pacific Grove, CA. Esther Steinbeck Rodgers. She was born April 14,1892 and died on May 9,1986. She lived in Watsonville, CA Mary Steinbeck Dekker. She was born on January 9,1905 and died January 23,1965. She is buried in the family plot. 1919: Graduated from Salinas High School, then located on West Alisal Street across from the post office. Began attending Stanford University. 1919 - 1925: He attended Stanford University. 1925: He went to New York City, working odd jobs, including manual labor for the construction of Madison Square Garden. He was unable to find a publisher. He returned to California the next year. 1929: Cup of Gold became his first published novel. 1930: Married Carol Henning and moved to the family home in Pacific Grove. His father helped support the struggling couple. They divorced in 1942. She lived in Carmel Valley, CA after and died February 8, 1983. 1932: The Pastures of Heaven became his first published work set in Monterey County. 1934: His mother died in the Salinas home. John had stayed in the home to take care of her. After this experience, Steinbeck wrote to a friend, "The house in Salinas is pretty haunted now. I see things walking at night that it is not good to see." Steinbeck wrote to 1934: A short story set in Monterey County, The Murder, won an O. Henry Prize. 1935: His father died. This was the first year Steinbeck had commercial success. Tortilla Flat was an instant hit. 1935: He won the Commonwealth Club of California Gold Medal for Best Novel by a Californian for Tortilla Flat. 1936: He again won the Commonwealth Club of California Gold Medal for Best Novel by a Californian for In Dubious Battle. 1936: Of Mice and Men, set around Soledad, was produced as a novel and then as a play. The Red Pony by Steinbeck also won recognition. Steinbeck mentioned labor violence in Salinas in a letter, "There are riots in Salinas and killings in the streets of that dear little town where I was born." 1937: The Long Valley, a collection of short stories set in the Salinas Valley, was published. 1938: John wrote The Grapes of Wrath. It inspired nationwide attention on the living conditions and exploitation of farm workers. John had said, “A kind of hysteria about the book is growing that is not healthy." 1938: He won the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for Of Mice & Men. 1939: He became a member of National Institute of Arts and Letters. He received the American Booksellers' Award. 1940: Film version of The Grapes of Wrath was made. Steinbeck also received the Pulitzer Prize for the novel. 1943: He married Gwyndolyn Conger, who he later divorced in 1948. He became the war correspondent in Europe for the Herald Tribune of New York. The first edition of The Portable Steinbeck was published. He also visited Africa. 1944: His movie, "Lifeboat," was released. Steinbeck bought a house in Monterey but was unwelcome. No one would rent him an office for writing. He was harassed when trying to get fuel and wood from a local wartime rations board. 1944: John and Gwyndolyn had their first child, Thomas Steinbeck, on August 2,1944. 1945: Cannery Row, which is set in Monterey was published. 1946: They had their second child, John Steinbeck IV, on June 12, 1946. He died on February 7,1991. 1948: He moved from New York to Pacific Grove. There, he examined The Californian's files of old newspapers to research East of Eden, which is set in the Salinas Valley. Steinbeck said that he was trying to buy the ranch where he had set The Red Pony, partly because he wanted to write East of Eden there. He was unable to. He became member of American Academy of Arts and Letters. 1949: He met Elaine Scott at the Pine Inn at Ocean Avenue and Monte Verde in Carmel. They married the next year. 1951: The Log from the Sea of Cortez was published. The work is frequently referred to at the Monterey Bay Aquarium. 1952: East of Eden, his major work about the history of the Salinas Valley, was finally published. 1955: “Holiday Magazine” ran a series by authors about their hometowns. Steinbeck wrote an article, "Always Something to do in Salinas," that included many jabs at his hometown. 1957: Salinas contemplates naming North Salinas High School after Steinbeck. However, he did not want that. 1960: He traveled through America with his poodle to write Travels with Charley. He took his last view of the Salinas Valley from Fremont Peak. 1962: Steinbeck accepts the Nobel Prize in Stockholm. 1963: He became an Honorary Consultant in American Literature to the Library of Congress. 1964: He received the United States Medal of Freedom, became a Trustee of John F. Kennedy Memorial Library, received the Annual Paperback of the Year Award, and received the Press Medal of Freedom. 1966: He became a member of the National Arts Council. 1968: John Ernst Steinbeck died December 20 in New York. 1969: On March 4, his ashes were buried in the Garden of Memories cemetery. Works by John Steinbeck Novels and short story collections Cup of Gold Pastures of Heaven To a God Unknown Tortilla Flat In Dubious Battle Of Mice and Men The Grapes of Wrath The Portable Steinbeck The Moon is Down Sea of Cortez (written with Edward Rickettes) Cannery Row The Pearl The Bus The Wayward Bus Burning Bright East of Eden The Winter of Our Discontent America and Americans Travis With Charley The Acts of King Arthur and His Noble Knights (modernization) Screen Plays “Lifeboat” “A Medal for Benny” “Viva Zapata” Bibliography John Steinbeck: Bibliography Articles (internet) “Steinbeck, John.” Encyclopedia.com Results for Steinbeck, John. http://www.encyclopedia.com/articles/12301.html (27 Apr. 2001) The unspecified author explains John’s early life and reasons for writing. He was an American writer living in Salinas, California. John graduated from high school and went to Stanford University for six years. His story, Tortilla Flat, clearly had Mexican influence as he was very familiar with them as he grew up in Salinas. This was his first novel that received recognition. In Dubious Battle defends agricultural workers as he grew up on the countryside. He uses integrity themes in Of Mice and M

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