Teenage years are the hardest times. Your having changes in

your body, going through relationships, and trying to plan your

future. When you go to look for answers, it seems like no one has

them. That’s what starts teenagers to feel alone. When they feel

this way they will try to “medicate” themselves by drugs and

alcohol or violence. Studies show that teens who feel this way are

at high risk for suicide.

Suicide, intentional, self-inflicted death. A uniquely human

act, suicide occurs in all cultures. People who attempt or complete

suicide usually suffer from extreme emotional pain and distress

and feel unable to cope with their problems. They are likely to

suffer from mental illness, particularly severe depression, and to

feel hopeless about the future.

Suicide is becoming a public-health problem. It is now the

leading cause of death worldwide. Researchers believe mental

illness in young people are the cause of the increase in suicide. Not

only do suicides rates differ between age groups but also men and

women. Men succeed in more suicides but more women attempt.

Methods of suicide can differ from drug overdose to

hanging. Poisoning or overdose is the least amount of suicide

rates. Hanging is the leading method worldwide. The United States

has 60 percent suicides committed by guns. Where it is less easy to

get a gun in Canada there is only 30 percent committed suicides.

Only 15 to 25 percent of those who kill themselves leave suicide

notes. People often think suicide is caused by difficult situations

such as failure in school or marriage. Experts believe those are just

triggers and its really caused by the brain, genetics or social forces.

The majority of people who kill themselves are suffering from

depression. Researchers believe that genetics play a role in suicidal

behavior. They believe it runs in the family. There are also some

psychological theories. “Suicides have three interrelated and

unconscious dimensions: revenge/hate, depression/hopelessness,

and guilt.” said Karl Menninger. Many suicide attempts are a cry

for help and to try to get attention. Soem socialogical theories

show suicidal people don’t know how to cope with stress well.

They are also probably suffering from a loss of a family member.

There are ways to help prevent suicide. If recongized early you can

get psychiatric help and get on medication. Some risk factors can

be people with mental illnesses, or substance-abuse disorders.

Hopelessness is shown to be the best predictor. Behavioral

disorders also have a higher risk of suicide. These people complete

about 90 percent of suicides. People with this may see suicide as

the only way to a pained existence. Many people feel uneasy

talking about suicide, especially surviving family members and

friends. Most suicides can be prevented because the suicidal state

of mind is usually temporary.

Suicide has a devasting emotional impact on surviving

family members and friends. THe intentional, sudden, and violent

nature of the person’s death often makes others feel abandoned,

helpless, and rejected. A family member or friend may have the

added burden of discovering the body of the suicide victim.

Parents often suffer exaggerated feelings of shame and guilt.

Because of the socail stigma, or shame, surrounding suicide,

survivors may avoid talking to others about the person who died,

and others may avoid the survivors. Despite these extra problems,

research has shown that suicide survivors go through the same

grieving process as other people who have lost someone. They will

eventually recover from grief. Support groups may be helpful for

these survivors.

There is a myth that suicide should not be a topic of conversation

around depresed people because they would put this idea in their

head. Suicide was once a crime. Now no U.S. state considers a

suicide a crime. Helping someone complete suicide is criminally

punishable in several states. Suicide is a permanent solution to a

temporary problem.

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