History: European/ The Renaissance term paper 19081

History: European term papers
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The Renaissance, which began in Italy in 1300s, was one of the

largest periods of growth and development in Western Europe. The

increase in trade caused a abundance in wealth that resulted in the

focusing of the arts. Such things as literature, paintings, sculptures and many more works are known to have blossomed from the period known as the Renaissance. Many other important occurrences , such as the Reformation and split of the Roman Catholic Church caused by the opposing views of Martin Luther and more of a focus on humankind called humanism, also the eight crusades to retake Jerusalem from the Muslims, played key rolls in the period of the Renaissance.

The Crusades which took place before the period of the

Renaissance are a major factor in the coming about or "birth" of the

Renaissance. The eight Crusades were the efforts to take back

Jerusalem from the Muslims. These Crusades introduced to Western

Europe the new tastes of art, fine quisines and new types of cloth,

including silk.. With this the need for trade with the Far East

increased drastically. This increase in trade caused an abundance of

wealth in Western Europe which intern brought new products and goods

to Western Europe.

In the year 1305 the Roman Catholic Church was relocated from

Rome to France. With this the power of the papal states was divided

among the region's leading families. Starting near the year 1300 the

demand for reform began to grow at a rapid pace. By the 1600's close

to half of the practicing Catholics in western Europe had left the

Church to join one of the new reformer religious groups. This reform

brought about new ways of thought and new attitudes towards religion

and the human race. The young German scholar realized that the way to

salvation was "justification by faith." Martin Luther's beliefs were

deemed to be heretic in nature and he was hidden away by a German

prince.

The word Renaissance means a "rebirth". This is exactly what

happened after the Crusades and split of the Roman Catholic church. A

rebirth of ideas was their outcome. The most drastic change took place in art. New perspectives were created by such people as Giotto,

Tommaso Masaccio, and Filippo Brunelleschi. With these new

perspectives came a new age of art within the Renaissance. Many new

painters learned about using shades of light and dark to create the

illusion of depth, along with new techniques to make paintings more

realistic.

The Renaissance was truly the "rebirth" of lost ideas along with the birth of new ideas. The Split of the Church and the eight Crusades to recapture Jerusalem are two of the many reasons for the "birth" of the Renaissance, yet both are important to the birth of the Renaissance. Without the Crusades, which brought back lost works from the Roman Empire and opened trade with the far east, and the split of the Roman Catholic Church, which brought about the reformation of the church, there wouldnt have been enough of a basis for the Renaissance to occur.

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