Scotland-History And Influence

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Scotland History/English Influence Scottish history and English history are the same because they are so close. English influence first appeared in Scotland when Malcolm III (1005-1034) married Princess Margaret. She introduced several reforms to the Scottish Church and imported many English priests into Scotland. She also introduced the English language to Scotland during her life. The next major infiltration of English culture was when David I (1082-1153) became king. David I was also the earl of Huntingdon (in England) and spent his childhood at English courts. The next major event was right after Alexander III died, in 1286, when he died without any male heirs. All that he had was a 4-year old granddaughter. Edward I of England saw this and pursued to unify England, Scotland, and Wales. He persisted with the attempts until, in 1296, he successfully unified the three together. This unification was not accepted by the Scots, however. They were furious and there were wars between the two for independence. The significant one was lead by Robert the Bruce and fought at Bannockburn in 1314. After this war, independence was gained from the English and Robert the Bruce became King Robert I of Scotland. For the next 200 years or so there was not much activity in Scotland. The next major occurrence came after Mary Queen of Scots(1542-1587) was executed by her cousin, Elizabeth I. Her heir, her son James VI, was also Elizabeth I of England s heir as well. Being the leader of both of the countries, he unified the two successfully once again. This unification led to many disputes over religious beliefs between the two countries. When the Stuart kings, Scottish family, tried to promote the Church of Scotland as the national religion, they were countered by hostility from the Presbyterian Church. This was just the beginning of religious disagreements between the two, however. In 1689, the English Parliament stripped the Catholic king, James II, of his crown and gave it two Protestant monarchs, William and Mary from Holland. This enraged many Scottish people and became the focal point for their unrest. This group became known as the Jacobites and fought to bring the Stuart line back to power. Many wars were fought between the two and the Jacobites were defeated heavily in all of them. During the 18th century, things seemed to be good for the Scottish. After the British government built roads, so they could have better military access in case of another civil uprising, the area began to boom in the areas of business and commerce. This boom lasted for 100 years (1750-1850) and forever changed the way Scottish inhabitants lived. There was an increase of industrialization, migration into urban centers, and a mammoth wave of emigration out of Scotland to other areas. Rapid progress i

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