sir john a macdonald

The Free essays given on our site were donated by anonymous users and should not be viewed as samples of our custom writing service. You are welcome to use them to inspire yourself for writing your own term paper. If you need a custom term paper related to the subject of History: European or sir john a macdonald, you can hire a professional writer here in just a few clicks.
Sir John Alexander Macdonald Macdonald was born in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1815. His father, Hugh Macdonald, set up a small manufacturing business in Glasgow. The business failed, and the Macdonald family immigrated to Canada when John was five years old. It was only through the perseverance of his mother that Macdonald received a good education. At the age of ten Macdonald was sent away from home to attend the Midland Grammar School in Kingston, Ontario. When he was 15, he was apprenticed to George Mackenzie, a Kingston lawyer. By the time he was 18, he had inspired such confidence that Mackenzie sent him to open a branch office at Nappanee in southeast Ontario. When Mackenzie died in 1835, Macdonald returned to Kingston to start his own legal practice. In 1844 he decided to run for a Kingston seat in the legislative assembly of Canada, which then consisted of the two colonies of Canada West and Canada East. Macdonald won by a large majority, although his opponent had the advantage of being in office. From the beginning, Macdonald voted with the Conservative, or Tory, Party. During the next few years he helped to build the power of a more moderate group, the Liberal-Conservative Party, which then assumed the name of Conservative Party. In 1847 the 32-year-old Macdonald was made receiver general, an office he held for less than a year. Mac Nab had few supporters, and Macdonald helped him organize a Liberal-Conservative coalition. Macdonald formed his first cabinet in 1856. In an attempt to secure the support of primarily French-speaking Canada East, he nominated the French-Canadian Sir Etienne Tache for the post of premier of Canada East. Macdonald became the premier of Canada West. When Tache resigned in 1857 and the British governor-general asked Macdonald to form a new cabinet, he recommended another French-Canadian, Sir George Etienne Cartier, to take Tache's place. Lord Moncks, the first governor-general of Canada, swore in Macdonald as the first prime minister on July 1, 1867. He formed a coalition government drawn from the Conservatives and Reformers who had supported confederation, giving each party approximately equal weight in the new Cabinet. One of Macdonald's greatest achievements was persuading British Columbia to join the federation. Macdonald came up with the idea to build a railway across Canada. He wanted the railway built by a Canadian company, and in 1873 he created one for that purpose. Sir Hugh Allan, a shipping magnate, was the chief promoter. However, it soon became clear that the money behind Allan was mainly from the United States and that this money was being used by the Conservat

Our inspirational collection of essays and research papers is available for free to our registered users

Related Essays on History: European

Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia

Genocide in the Former Yugoslavia The Catholics, Muslims, and Orthodox Christians in the former Yugoslavia have been fighting for centuries. They fight for land, they fight for ideas, and they fi...

Renaissance

Political Effects of the Renaissance History has shown us how civilizations evolve over time. Broadly interpreted, the age of Diocletian marked a decisive stage in the transition from th...

The Mystery of Atlantis

THE MYSTERY OF ATLANTIS "In what way is the question about the existence of Atlantis best answered - as a continent in the Atlantic, a myth invented by Plato, or as the story of Minoan civilization...

The Spanish Inquisition

The word "inquisition" means to examine. Inquisitors would "examine" suspected Heretics, people whose ideas do not match those of the Roman Catholic Church, and punish them accordingly. This mean...

THE best ever account of Hitler and the rise of the Nazi party!!

Account for the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi party The explanation of the rise of Nazism cannot be restricted to one specific time period or one specific event - the source of many Nazi ...

Protestantism: Was it revolutionary and mmodern?

Protestantism began to come about during the Reformation in the Sixteenth century. Before the Reformation the predominant religion was Catholicism. The Reformation was a time period in which the peopl...