Vietnam – How Australia Got Involved

The Free essays given on our site were donated by anonymous users and should not be viewed as samples of our custom writing service. You are welcome to use them to inspire yourself for writing your own term paper. If you need a custom term paper related to the subject of History: World or Vietnam – How Australia Got Involved, you can hire a professional writer here in just a few clicks.
1. In what way was Australia involved in Vietnam in 1965 ? In 1962 the Government of Australia decided in, response to a request from the South Vietnamese Government, to supply them with military aid. At that time, 30 instructors were sent to assist in the training of the South Vietnamese defense forces. Unofficially, in 1962, troops were sent in to train the South Vietnamese and act as a militia. The Australian public was not made aware of this until many years later after the conclusion of the war in 1972. In 1965, the war was officially declared and the public was made aware of this through the media. During this time (1965 to 1972) Australia supported the US and South Vietnam. However, Australia and the US were more concerned about the threat of a possible spread of communism rather than the well being of the South Vietnamese. In 1965, conscription was introduced to the Australian public in order to provide further assistance to the South Vietnamese. This was not widely supported by the public with many people refusing to attend the war and being putt in jail for a minimum of two years. 2. What were the reasons that Prime Minister Menzies gave that we should be fighting in Vietnam ? Both Robert Menzies and Lyndon Johnson were willing to send in troops for one main reason. Both Menzies and Johnson feared or were concerned about a possible spread of communism within South-East Asia and even as far south as Australia. They were not too particularly concerned about the well being of the Southern Vietnamese. This is portrayed further in "˜For Australia's Sake' as a drawing of a communist man fighting in Vietnam with his shadow stretching down almost to northern Australia. Standing on the mainland of Australia is Menzies pointing at the threat. On top of this there is a comment in the drawing, " A murky shadow has fallen over this part of the world, reaching to our very shores " 3. List the reasons given by the Labor Party Leader, Arthur Calwell why we should not be fighting in Vietnam ? Arthur Calwell believed that the decision to send troops to Vietnam was a mistake. Calwell thought that sending our troops to Vietnam would not help the fight against communism but actually harm the fight in the long term. He also believed that sending only a quarter of our small army (compared to the United States Army) was a waste of time and money. He stated that this process was not helping the South Vietnamese either. Calwell also said that the war was based on untimely assumptions on the US's behalf concerning the threat of the North Vietnamese. Calwell concluded by saying, " How long will it be before we are drawing upon our conscript youth to service these growing and endless requirements. " 1 4. Who was later proved right "“ Menzies or Calwell ? Why ? In a sense both were proved right in a way but Menzies was more correct in his actions. The war effort was for the first time brought into the home via television, which disgusted many people. This turned many people to disapprove of the war, which was Calwell's small victory. This was felt the most on the soldiers upon their return to Australia. They were spat on and jeered at for just being part of the war, when most of them had been conscripted and had no say in weather or not they went to war. Looking back on it now it seems rather immature. Despite this, Menzies efforts were noted and approved by many members of the Australian society. The Australian defense forces were of valuable assistance to the American troops that further secured the ANZUS treaty. 1. Calwell, A., cited in Simmelhaig and Spenceley, For Australia's Sake 5. What was the attitude of the papers at the time to our decision to send troops to Vietnam ? One of the articles featured in "˜For Australia's Sake' is by a writer for the Melbourne Herald on the 30th of April 1965. The article favors Menzies' decision to send troops to Vietnam. It also states that his (Menzies) motive was to protect the South Vietnamese, which was obviously not his main reason to send troops to Vietnam. The Hobart Mercury was even more is agreement to Menzies decision. However, the difference between this article and the one in the Herald Sun was that the writer of that article in the Herald Sun was really aggressively agreeing with Menzies decision. The writer of the Hobart Mercury article however was focussing more on disagreeing with Calwell's opinion. 6. What was the attitude of the National Times ten years later to our decision to send troops to Vietnam ? Explain why a change of view had occurred since 1965. The writer of the article in the National Times concurs that Menzies plan was a disaster. He (the writer) uses many examples of faults committed by the Menzies government. Among these are the following facts : - The Austr

Our inspirational collection of essays and research papers is available for free to our registered users

Related Essays on History: World

What is America and what is an American

What is America and what is an American? Americans. What are they? Who are they? What exactly is an American and what exactly is America? These are questions people rarely cont...

William Penn and the Quakers

Introduction The Quakers, also known as the Society of Friends was religious group that founded Pennsylvania. William Penn, one of the leaders, worked with the Quakers, Indians and ...

Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill was one of the greatest prime ministers Great Britain ever had. Winston Churchill was born on November 30,1874 in Oxford , England. His father was Lord Randolph Church...

Women in Combat

The idea of women in combat is not unusual anymore. They should be able to hold combat positions beacause although physical strength matters, the military still needs the intelli...

World History - Power Comes From the Barrel of a Gun

Subject: World History (But it applies to much more) Title: "Power Comes From the Barrel of a Gun" - took the opposing view "Would you respect me, If I didn't have this gun? "...

World War I and Canada

World War I, a terrifying ordeal that robbed 25 million humans of their lives, began on August 3, 1914. On this date Germany invaded Belgium, and when Britain moved to defend Belgium ...

бюро переводов украина

agroxy.com

xn--e1agzba9f.com