Canada's Immigration From 1852-1990
In 1852 many of Canada's immigrants were from Europe countries but many of these
were being lost to the United states. This meant that the province of Canada was
mostly French Canadians, this began the immigration promotion program in 1850s.
In the 1840s the main problem was lack of control over the immigrants now the
problem was getting immigrant particularly British ones to start small farms.
Over the next 30 years John A. MacDonald did little to attract new immigrants to
In about 1879 a new immigration law was passed that was designed to keep out
paupers and destitutes. This would be the start to "weed out" the people that
would live in Canada, and eventually become the laws we have today.
In 1885 an act was passed that would restrict Chinese males from immigrating.
This was done because of the large amount of young Chinese men that were coming
to Canada to work building the CRP ( an estimated 15,701). Without these men
most of whom lost their lives from injury or disease.
During the 1890s a depression because of the very short growing season and very
high cost of shipping the grains. This lack of rain caused many Canadians to
immigrate to the U.S. for a better life. Not very attractive to immigrants to
Around the beginning of the 1900s the economy was boosted by the increasing need
for Canadian food products. Europe had a large population explosion and tax
increase caused more and more to move to Canada. With the construction of the
CPR it was much easier to go west and settle the land which was cheap or free.
The Canadian government was promoting it's self every where with it's fur and
grains to encourage new comers and settlers that moved to the U.S. back to
With the out break of World War I tension was high. This was the lowest amount
of people in years (although the amount of Americans was increasing with year of
the war). Once desired immigrants were now "enemy aliens". Also people from
Germany, Hungry, Poland, Romania, and many others become the objects of
After the war there was a huge boom in immigrants because of Canada's growing
economy. But after all booms there is always the come down by 1930 Canada was in
a bad depression people were also tense because word of another war.
During World War II no Canadians had it worse than the Japanese Canadians. After
the booming of Pearl Harbour all Japanese-Canadians were stripped of their homes
The Canadian government showed great sympathy for European refugees and homeless.
The government donated allot of money to agencies involved in post war
rehabilitation and the United Nations Children's Emergency Fund. There was a
also a change in the immigration barriers to allow war refugees into Canada. A
pro-immigration lobby from the people of Canada lowered the restrictions more
even though the government was against this.
Without warning in 1959 the government made the laws much more strict to immigrants families coming into the country thus making residents of Canada unable to sponsor family members.
The point system was introduced. This new type of system eliminated
discrimination of race or nationality. It also reduced the amount of sponsorship immigrating.
Robert Adras became a cabinet minister. He rapidly changed the rules of
immigration. His new form of ruling lowered the immigration rates through out the 1970s.
The 1980s Gave way to another increase in immigrants dew to many refugees, manly indochinese.
Canada's current laws are fair and reasonable. Canada could not have been made if not for brave immigrants.