Philosophers Of Enlightenment

The Free essays given on our site were donated by anonymous users and should not be viewed as samples of our custom writing service. You are welcome to use them to inspire yourself for writing your own term paper. If you need a custom term paper related to the subject of Philosophy or Philosophers Of Enlightenment , you can hire a professional writer here in just a few clicks.
Many of the philosopher's that existed during The Enlightenment influenced many countries, such as the United States of America, France and England, in both past and present history. One French philosopher in particular was Francoise Marie Arouet de Voltaire. He once established the statement, " I do not agree with a word you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it. " I agree with Voltaire's statement, meaning that although you may not agree with someone's beliefs you will tolerate them, and my agreement can be exemplified in actions that occur today. Looking back at the time period of which Voltaire wrote this statement, it is easy to see why Voltaire and many other philosophers wrote such things. France was suffering in many ways. Things such as the format of parliament and philosophes, a financial crisis and the assembly of the Estates-General led to the French Revolution in 1789. In Voltaire's time period, parliaments had much political power. " Many parlements protested royal initiatives which believed in threatening the rights and liberties of the people. They denounced the absolute rule of the crown to impose religious orthodoxy and new taxes " ( Encarta Encyclopedia, 1999 ). Philosopher's were very outspoken about parliaments powers. They believed they had too much power and they were not protecting the natural rights of the people. France at this time was broken into three estates. The First Estate was made up of nobles and clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. The Second was made up of the bourgeois and the Third of the peasants.The First two estates paid little or no taxes; causing the peasants to pay very high taxes and making them very upset. To the peasants disadvantage, taxes were raised because of the financial crisis France was facing. France had many loans to compensate after helping out with the War of the Austrian Succession, the Seven Years' War, and the American Revolution. The people of France were very upset by France's large debt that caused them to spend half its yearly revenues paying interest. The meeting of the Estates-General was a very chaotic scene. The Estates were there to discuss about France's financial crisis, business depression, and unemployment. These problems caused things to change, such as the increasement of food prices. However, little solutions were sought at the meeting because there were mixed feelings about its powers and rules. Some felt that if the king, Louis XVI , was the one who would be making and carrying out the laws, what was the point in even holding a meeting. The Third Estate wanted representatives to cast individual votes to prevent being outvoted by the First and Second Estates which occured in past years. My belief of the statement " I do not agree with a word you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it, " can be best observed when looking at occurances today. Two most common examples include abortion and the death penalty. Abortion is a hot topic anymore. Its various types of methods brings various types of opinions. My personal belief, along with some other Americans who oppose abortion, is that you are killing a human being. Others do not think of it as killing someone because they were not " born " yet. Many protestors feel that doctors are just trying to play " God. " A study shows that an amazing 25% of Americans choose to end their pregnancy using some form of abortion. Although the United States government is aware of protestors beliefs, the U.S. still to this day tolerates abortion. Looking at statistics, many people are in favor of the death penalty also; whether it be done by needle or the electric chair. However, there is a large sum of p

Our inspirational collection of essays and research papers is available for free to our registered users

Related Essays on Philosophy

Hills Like White Elephants

This story centers on the controversy of abortion in an ambiguous writing style by Ernest Hemingway. First of all, the perspective is not third person omnipresent. The author could not describe the...

Daniel Dennet's True Believers

In response to problems surrounding the ascription of beliefs, Daniel Dennett developed his essay True Believers, where he outlined an intentionalist theory. My intent in this paper is to exp...

Aristotle Virtue Theory

Aristotle, another great Greek philosopher, established many theories in the field of ethics and psychology. As a student of Plato at the academy, Aristotle also theorized many inquiries about virtu...

The Eight Moral Philosophies

My Moral Philosophies As I answered the eight questions about my own moral philosophies I realized that before this I had no idea. It had never even crossed my mind. I would just go about my...

Education In Religion And Philosophy

tatement of philosophy The education mission of the philosophy and religion department serves the general studies core and the major. The department takes seriously its obligation to intro...

Jean-Paul Sartre And Existentialism

Jean-Paul Sartre and Existentialism Jean-Paul Sartre . . . the name is one of the most popular in modern philosophy. But who was he? What did he write and what were his works about? What wa...

plasticsurgery.com.ua/ru/operaczii/telo/intimnaya-plastika.html

1cs.com.ua

http://steroid-pharm.com