Slavery/ John Brown term paper 11814

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John Brown

John Brown was an abolitionist and insurrectionist. He and several others seized the United States Armory and Arsenal at Harper s Ferry. Brown was really into the slave thing, he hated it. One night he and three son s killed three men who were for slavery. During the raid, many of Brown s men were killed. Brown was forced to stay over night at the Armory. When local militia noticed Brown was in control of the building they began o cut off the escape routes. When Brown realized he no way to escape he took nine of his men and moved them to the Armory s small engine room, which later became known as Brown s Fort.

On the morning of Tuesday, October 18, Lee ordered Lieutenant Israel Green and a group of men to storm the engine house. At a signal from Lieutenant J.E.B. Stuart, the engine house door was knocked down and and the Marines began taking prisoners. James Ewell Brown, (Jeb), as a first lieutenant in the 1st Cavalry, he carried orders for Robert E. Lee to proceed to Harpers Ferry to crush John Brown's raid. Stuart, volunteering as aide-de-camp, went along and read the ultimatum to Brown before the assault in which he distinguished himself. Green seriously wounded Brown with his sword.

John Brown, still recovering from a sword wound, stood trial at the Jefferson County Courthouse on October 26. Five days later, a jury found him guilty of treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia. Judge Richard Parker sentenced Brown to death and he was hanged in Charles Town on December 2. Before walking to the scaffold, he noted the inevitability of a national civil war: "I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood."

Northern abolitionists immediately used the executions as an example of the government's support of slavery.

I think that what John Brown did was very awesome. He stood up for what he believed, that slavery should be abolished, and did what he had to do to stop it. Even if it meant that he would lose his life. I also think that what he did was justified. He had a lot of reasonable support. Well not a lot, but he did have a crew of about twenty two men. He believed what was right and people supported him. John Brown made a huge statement. Northern abolitionists used the executions as examples of the governments support of slavery. John Brown was their martyr, a hero murdered for his belief that slavery should be abolished. In reality, Brown and his men were prosecuted and executed for taking over a government facility. Still, as time went on, Brown's name became a symbol of pro-Union, anti-slavery beliefs. What happened to him was very tragic, it wasn t fair that he stood up to abolish slavery and he got hanged. I mean, all he was doing was sticking up for something that anyone in today s bright mind would see wrong. I think John Brown was a courageous man.


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