Sociology/Summary : A motivated graduate who has a bubbly personality, is independent and disciplined. term paper 41723

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Name : CHUA BEE HONG CELIA

Address : Blk 692 Jurong West Central 1 #03-71 Singapore 640692

Contact number : +65 6795 6876 H)

+65 8188 6965 (Hp)

Email address : [email protected]

EDUCATION

2004 - 2007 NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

� Bachelor of Materials Science & Engineering (2nd Class Honours, Lower Division)

� Awarded grade A in Principles of Economics, Essential Communication and Essential Mathematics

� Specialised in Biomaterials and Advanced Characterisation of materials

� Final Year Project thesis: Synthesis and Characterisation of Alkali-Metal apatites. It includes testing the materials in an in-vitro environment

2001 � 2004 SINGAPORE POLYTECHNIC

� Diploma in Chemical Engineering

� Distinctions in Analytical & Physical Chemistry, Corrosion and Materials Selection, Fluid Mechanics A and Plant Design Project

� Awarded Grade A for Environmental Engineering, Heat Transfer & Equipment, Plant Design & Simulations and etc.

� Awarded Grade A for Industrial Training Programme (ITP)

� Awarded Grade B with merit for Co-Curricular Activities

� Final Year Project title: Remediation Technologies for Contaminated Site

1996 - 2000 TANGLIN SECONDARY SCHOOL

� Obtained Singapore-Cambridge General Certificate of Education 'Ordinary' level - six credits with distinctions in Elementary Mathematics, Science (Physics, Chemistry), Principles Of Accounting, History and 2nd language (Chinese)

WORK EXPERIENCE

January 2006 � June 200

Process Engineer (Industrial Attachment)

Becton Dickinson Medical Product Pte Ltd

� Assisted the senior processes engineer in data collection of processes and analysing data using MiniTab

� Writing instruction manuals for medical equipments, protocols and evaluation reports of processes

� Alliances and meetings with Research & Development department on projects.

� Completed a highly confidential process project

� Learnt to be meticulous, patient and some project management

May 2004 � June 2004 Promoter

Sakae Sushi Pte Ltd (Bugis Junction)

� Promoted a Sakae Sushi VIP card package to customers in the restaurant

� Doing a short presentation to the customers and after-sales service feedback

� Learnt to be customer-orientated and the operation in the food & beverage industry

May 2003 - June 2003 Research Assistant (Industrial Attachment)

Caltex Singapore Pte Ltd

� Assisted the engineers in data collection

� Learnt how to group the various types of oil according to their density, viscosity, shelf-life for industry purposes

� Learnt how to use the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) so as to identify and determine the various types of metals present in the oil

November 2002 � December 2002 Research Student (Industrial Attachment)

University of Newcastle Upon Tyne

� Did a research on forecasting of scheduling of operation of a Batch Pharmaceutical plant producing penicillin and handed in a detailed report

� Learnt to do independent research and exposed to overseas research climate

COMPUTER LITERACY

Familiar and well versed in computer programs such as Microsoft Windows NT/XP, Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Microsoft Access

Familiar and well versed in simulation programs such as ChemShare and Topas

Familiar and well versed in technical drawing programs such as Autocad

Familiar and well versed in statistical programs such as MiniTab

CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES

UNIVERSITY LEVEL

� Participated in a Patent Commercialisation Competition (Synergy 2006) � Won Innovation Bronze Award. Went through a 2-days boot camp (Training workshops) which consists of Basic IP Knowledge, Introduction to IP Licensing and other IP Exploitation Methods, General Legal Issues in relation to Commercialisation of Intellectual Property and Creativity, Technology Clustering and Ideas Overloaded. Some experience in patent search engines (e.g. http://patft.uspto.gov/netahtml/search-bool.html & www.surfip.gov.sg) during the duration of the competition.

POLYTECHNIC LEVEL

� Participated in Product and Process Research & Development Programme for academic year 2002/2003. The scope of the program includes Product innovation management, creativity and prototype production and testing. Only the top 10% of academically outstanding students are eligible for the module.

� Appointed as Treasurer in Singapore Polytechnic Entrepreneurs Club, in charge of the club funds for academic year 2003/2004and running of club events like Charity Bazaar

� Participant of MOE feedback session �review of the University Admission system in 2003

� Participant of dialogue session with director of school

� Participant of SP�s 50th � Launch of Convention Centre and Plaza

� Official/Helper of Courses & Career Fair in 2003

� Official/Helper of Meet the Senior Session in 2004

SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL

� Participated in Volleyball and Netball in 1998

� Subject Representative in 2000

LANGUAGE PROFFICENCY

� Fluent in English and Mandarin (Spoken and Written)

� Fluent in Hokkien (Spoken)

� Elementary in Bahasa Indonesia (Spoken and Written)

INTERESTS

Jogging, movies, reading (a wide range of magazines, novels written by Robin Cook, etc), writing (movie reviews), Othello, Soduku, languages, meeting and interacting with people and travelling

REFERENCES

Mr Tang Meng Kee (IA Supervisor)

Manager, Process Design Centre

Becton Dickinson Medical Products Pte Ltd

30 Tuas Avenue 2

Singapore 639461

Tel No: 68607652

E-mail: [email protected] Dr Madhavi Srinivasan (FYP Supervisor)

Teaching Fellow � Materials Science,

N4.1-01-32

School of Materials Science & Engineering

Nanyang Technological University

Singapore 139651

Tel No: 67904606

E-mail: [email protected]

Article 1 - Arrestment & Imprisonment of Nelson Mandela

Below are the reasons why Nelson Mandela is successful as a leader.

1. Referent Power

The leader with referent power has personal characteristics that appeal to others; people comply because of admiration, a desire for approval, personal liking, or a desire to be like the leader.

Quote: �During my lifetime, I have dedicated myself to the struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But, if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die�.

The above statement was what he said from the dock in the Rivonia Trial when he was arrested for sabotage.

From the above quote, it can be seen that Nelson Mandela has referent power out of all the powers that a traditional leader should have. In times of turmoil in South Africa where racism and inequality existed, he stood up for his own beliefs. By showing his followers that the leader, himself is prepared to die for them would be the most possible reason why his leadership was so successful even when he was in prison. People who wanted peace would be attracted by his similar ideals and would certainly want to support him. Therefore, it is deemed that he derived his influencing power from his followers �desire to identify with him.

2. Attributes of a good leader- A sense of mission, Self-denial and Job competence.

2.1 A sense of mission: A leader should have strong belief in their ability to lead, and be fully devoted to the people and organization.

Quote: Robben Island, where he was imprisoned, became a centre for learning, and Mandela was a central figure in the organised political education classes.

While in prison, Mandela flatly rejected offers made by his jailers for remission of sentence in exchange for accepting the bantustan policy by recognising the independence of the Transkei and agreeing to settle there. Again in the 'eighties Mandela rejected an offer of release on condition that he renounce violence. Prisoners cannot enter into contracts. Only free men can negotiate, he said

He has a strong sense of mission. Even when he was arrested and imprisoned, he has never wavered in his devotion to democracy, equality and learning. This shows that he is very devoted to ANC (African National Congress). During his years in prison, Mandela�s reputation grew. He was widely accepted as the most significant black leader in South Africa and became a potent symbol of resistance as the anti-apartheid movement gathered strength. In addition, he consistently refused to compromise his political position to obtain his freedom. This is shown from the fact that he flatly rejected offers made by his jailers for remission of sentence in exchange for accepting the bantusan policy by recognizing the independence of the Transkei and agreeing to settle there. He knows very clearly what he wants to achieve for his country.

Below are the reasons why Nelson Mandela is successful as a leader.

3. Referent Power

The leader with referent power has personal characteristics that appeal to others; people comply because of admiration, a desire for approval, personal liking, or a desire to be like the leader.

Quote: �During my lifetime, I have dedicated myself to the struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But, if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die�.

The above statement was what he said from the dock in the Rivonia Trial when he was arrested for sabotage.

From the above quote, it can be seen that Nelson Mandela has referent power out of all the powers that a traditional leader should have. In times of turmoil in South Africa where racism and inequality existed, he stood up for his own beliefs. By showing his followers that the leader, himself is prepared to die for them would be the most possible reason why his leadership was so successful even when he was in prison. People who wanted peace would be attracted by his similar ideals and would certainly want to support him. Therefore, it is deemed that he derived his influencing power from his followers �desire to identify with him.

4. Attributes of a good leader- A sense of mission, Self-denial and Job competence.

2.1 A sense of mission: A leader should have strong belief in their ability to lead, and be fully devoted to the people and organization.

Quote: Robben Island, where he was imprisoned, became a centre for learning, and Mandela was a central figure in the organised political education classes.

While in prison, Mandela flatly rejected offers made by his jailers for remission of sentence in exchange for accepting the bantustan policy by recognising the independence of the Transkei and agreeing to settle there. Again in the 'eighties Mandela rejected an offer of release on condition that he renounce violence. Prisoners cannot enter into contracts. Only free men can negotiate, he said

He has a strong sense of mission. Even when he was arrested and imprisoned, he has never wavered in his devotion to democracy, equality and learning. This shows that he is very devoted to ANC (African National Congress). During his years in prison, Mandela�s reputation grew. He was widely accepted as the most significant black leader in South Africa and became a potent symbol of resistance as the anti-apartheid movement gathered strength. In addition, he consistently refused to compromise his political position to obtain his freedom. This is shown from the fact that he flatly rejected offers made by his jailers for remission of sentence in exchange for accepting the bantusan policy by recognizing the independence of the Transkei and agreeing to settle there. He knows very clearly what he wants to achieve for his country.

1. Communicating their ideas clearly, building close relationships and gaining acceptance and motivating followers to support and implement ideas through change;

In times, the young and even the old, any human, could be brain-washed and thought to think or react to a certain doctorine or theory, much like the way how germans obey Hitler who has the authority during the Nazi era. It was expected that most of the blacks in South Africa would obey the whites during the apartheid regime. However, Nelson Mandela was able to influence them and inspire them to think for the future and make changes.

2. Gaining commitment and building enthusiasm in followers who are willing to be influenced and thus go beyond their normal capabilities to perform extraordinarily.

The hunger strike is an evidence to show how much is of Nelson Mandela�s influence on them. Most of them followed him and went on a hunger strike. To go on a hunger strike could be health-damaging but many followers still went ahead, knowing its effects. There were also followers who collapsed in the prison.

Article 2 � published article on www.todayonline.com

Short Takes

Animal rights vs music copyright?

Tuesday � March 21, 2006

Celia Chua

I agree with the author of the I Say commentary, "Catch the human rats" (March 20). To add on Ms Goh Boon Choo's points, which do you think is more inhuman � abusing poor, helpless animals or downloading illegal music?

Surprisingly, the jail term for downloading illegal music seems to be either longer than or the same as abusing animals.

Is commercialism more important than an animal's life? Is downloading music a more severe menace to society to the extent that we have to keep those found guilty longer in jail than people who abuse helpless animals? This point is worth thinking about.

http://www.todayonline.com/articles/107951.asp

Article 3 - CLONING VS MORALITY

Issues on cloning, the most controversial biotechnology have been debated countless times. This technology draws out the most controversial issue which is �Cloning versus Morality�. So, is cloning against morality and ethic? The website includes the opinions of Dr Patrick Dixon1. He is a qualified physician who graduated from Kings College Cambridge and University of London, a futurist who is heavily involved in media debates on genetics. Because he is a medical student, there is a degree of accuracy. He had been interviewed by many famous magazines1 so; it means that his opinions are valuable to the general public. The aim of the website is to discourage people from cloning. The audience targeted is the general public (people who are interested in cloning). He mentioned the adverse effects that human cloning will bring to the society and the procedure of the technology2. He also maintained his stand that he is against Human cloning2 and therefore, we can say that he is biased. After analysis, I share his viewpoint as �Cloning is against Morality�.

The first reason is the emotional risks a cloned child will face3. Although a genetic clone shares an identical genome with their donor, their physical and behavioral characteristics will differ in many important and significant ways from their donor6. They might not have an equal fairness in opportunity and welfare due to the prejudices that the majority of the world has on it7. Because of the perspectives of particular others (family), generalized others (friends), and social comparisons8 (society), huge emotional pressure will be on a cloned teenager when he/she is establishing his/her personal identity.

The second reason is the health risks from mutation of genes. Currently, the techniques used are not mature enough to be utilized on human cloning3. Just as what Dr. Ian Wilmut, the embryologist of the Roslin Institute who cloned Dolly, stressed that he would not want to clone humans as the probability of them surviving is small. On one hand, survivors are plagued with health problems like obesity, kidney problems, etc. Consequently, it is morally and ethically incorrect to kill human embryos and abort or destroy any disfigured or abnormal babies spontaneously.

The third reason is the abuse of the cloning technology by the scientists. Some maverick scientists who are blind-folded by fame and money ignore the dangers of human cloning. Their behaviors can be explained by self-serving bias8. Most of these scientists think highly of themselves, hence they are inclined to make internal and stable attributions, believing that they would always successfully clone a human. The self-serving bias distorts their perceptions, leading them to take excessive credit for what they do well and to deny responsibility for their failings. As a result, it led them to become caught up in the rat race of social comparison8. The growth of their twisted beliefs might be due to using inappropriate standards of comparisons between their rivals and themselves, and their own expectations. Therefore, i agree with the author and stand that the cloning technology will soon become a menace rather than a helping hand device to the society.

The success of formation of a healthy cloned child equates to the death of the thousands of failed human embryos and disfigured babies.3 Have the scientists treated them as merely experimental samples when they are human themselves? Are these clones considered human under human rights? Is the world mentally well-prepared to welcome and treat them equally? As such, I believe that human cloning should be banned as it is against morality.

(588 words)

References

1. Dr Patrick Dixon, Furist

Europe�s Leading Futurist � Press Association

Global change Guru � Wall Street Journal

"One of the 50 most influential business thinkers alive today" Thinkers50

http://www.globalchange.com/cv.htm

2. Supermodels sell eggs online; New treatment for infertility

http://www.globalchange.com/supermodels.htm

3. Reasons Against Cloning

http://www.globalchange.com/noclones.htm

4. Chapter 3 - Cloning Copies of Yourself

THE GENETIC REVOLUTION by Dr Patrick Dixon-1993/5

http://www.globalchange.com/books/Genes3.htm

5. Clonaid claims birth of first 5 cloned babies

http://www.globalchange.com/clonaid.htm

6. Ethical Issues: Should humans be cloned? http://www.ruplaldu.com/ethical.html

7. The Opposition to Human Cloning: How Morality and Ethics Factor in

http://www.acsu.buffalo.edu/~pab7/pab7pap5.2.html

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