Anabolic Steroids 2

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Most people have the goal and dream to have the perfect body. They believe they will be more popular, or attractive if they achieve the body that they desire. But what lengths will people go to, to get the perfect body. The biggest problem in sports today, as many people know, is steroids. Steroids do wonders for your body, but not only on the positive side, but the negative side as well. In this essay, I will tell you how steroids are used and what different effects it has on the body. Today more than ever, steroids are being abused. It is estimated that 99% of all professional bodybuilders are using steroids. Teenagers know that steroids will help them build muscle but they don t know about the side-effects and the long-term effects. Teenagers have a hard time looking ahead into the near future, never mind much later in their lives. But society continues to tell the youths of today that society wants muscular physiques. Pick up any teen or muscle magazine and everybody inside will have a perfect sculpted body. There are people that have a hard time working out or have no motivation. When they see someone using steroids that hardly ever lifts and are getting massive strength, obviously the nonuser is going to be curious of using steroids. The number one common mistake of steroids is using excessive dosages. More is not always better when is comes to using steroids. Using excessive dosages has become a big problem for teenagers. This practice is not only dangerous, but is proven to be ineffective. Mega dosages put a lot of stress on the liver and kidneys. The body can only use a limited amount of the steroid, so if an athlete uses an excessive amount, the body will turn the left over steroids into estrogen. Another mistake that commonly occurs is a poor lifestyle. Many people never pay attention to articles that involve healthy eating, mainly because people like eating food that is not good for them, but it really does matter. When on steroids, the user must eat enormous amounts of food, which is high in protein and calories. Many athletes do not eat enough food to get steroids to work off, if they do eat enough calories, they often eat to much fat. If a person is going to take steroids they must understand that proper nutrition is part of the program. Another key to achieving the best results, which many people ignore is getting large amounts of rest. A steroid user should have a minimal 10 hours of sleep a night. The last mistake people make when using steroids is the type of steroids they use. Plain and simple, the more effective the steroid, the more side effects that go with it. If a person curious in steroids wants a body builder physique, they will be looking for something very effective, but also has to think about the side effects. Strong steroids and very toxic to the liver, kidneys, and heart, and should not be taken for a very long time. The mistakes people make is that they look at how powerful the steroid is and don t look at the side effects. Another problem with steroids is counterfeits. Many of these drugs have the side effects of real steroids but not the positive effect. Using a fake steroid is like putting poison into your body. The best thing to do is get the steroids from someone you know, or someone you can trust. There are many side effects of taking steroids. The side effects are Water retention, Acne, Gynecomastia, Aggression, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease, Palpitations, Impotence, Jaundice, Irritation of the stomach lining, Menstrual changes, eye changes, osteoporosis, premature hair loss, and headaches. I will explain these side effects in the next few paragraphs: -Water retention is the most common from using steroids. It causes a puffiness or swelling in the neck and facial areas. You can tell if you know the person is on steroids. -Acne is also a very common side effect. It can make someone get acne if you have never had it before and if you do have acne it will be much worse. Acne will show up in unusual places like on the back of your neck and your shoulders. -Gynecomastia is the formation of breasts, or abnormally large glands. You will eventually grow fatty tissue (lumps) which will grow in size. -Aggression is usually known as roid rages. Some steroid users usually lift more are have more intense workouts when going through this stage. Others find themselves fighting with family and friends. -Hypertension is high blood pressure. High blood pressure can lead to many more serious diseases so that is why you should get your blood tested regularly. -Cardiovascular Disease is a risk factor for heart disease. Over a period of time cholesterol (fats and amino acids) build up and clogs the arteries. -Palpitations indicate an excited or elevated level of the central nervous system. -Impotence usually occurs when a user goes on and off steroids. When steroids are first used sexual interest increases but eventually after going on and off steroids the opposite happens. -Jaundice is a serious liver disease, which is found by an enlarged liver, yellowing of the eyes and skin and flu-like symptoms. -Irritation of the stomach lining can cause a stomach ulcer. -Menstrual changes- Women may notice that there period will become irregular. -Eye changes- with a long-term use of steroids cataracts or glaucoma may develop. -Osteoporosis- Calcium will begin to be lost from the bones. This will result in pain and loss of height. The long-term effects of steroids haven t been studies yet. Listed above are some of the short-term effects that steroids can have on your body. On the other hand, there are some acceptable reasons why you should take steroids. They are: 1) to replace a documented androgen deficiency, 2) to treat anemia associated with bone marrow failure, and 3) to treat an illness called hereditary angioedema. Steroids lessen the risks of getting these diseases getting worse. If a person is considering steroids they must look at the big picture. Taking steroids is not as simple as people believe, there are many aspects that must be put into consideration before taking the drug. To receive the best results the person should know everything they can about the specific steroid, what they plan on accomplishing, and lastly they should ask them self, Is it really worth it? Chemistry of Steroids Steroids are composed of seventeen carbon atoms arranged in four rings. Anabolic steroids belong to the group of natural and synthetic organic chemical reactions. Steroids play a large role in the fields of biology and chemistry. All anabolic steroids are chemical derivatives of the male sex hormone, testosterone. Due to the testosterone s short biological half-life, pharmacological use requires the steroid be modified to slow metabolism by the liver. Anabolic steroids work by binding with the cytoplasmic (free within the cell) androgen receptor. Like all steroids, the steroid-receptor complex has a strong affinity for the nucleus. The complex is translocated into the nucleus and binds to the DNA. The rate limiting factor in this process appears to be the concentration of the steroid or translocation of the complex. Testosterone also appears to inhibit the catabolic (protein degrading) pathway associated with the glucocorticoids, but it is unclear whether this is related to an interaction between testosterone and glucocorticoid or the nuclear behavior of the steroid-receptor complex. Once the steroid is in the nucleus it appears to enhance transcription of specific genes. The resulting mRNA is processed and sent out of

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