World History/ History Of China term paper 14483

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China had faced corruption since the first dynasty. As, By BC 475 In Shang

dynasty the economy as in based in agriculture and bronze metallurgy, and

urban development. But since the development of the agriculture as more

productive, the Shang system forced farmers to pay taxes in order support him

in the military labor. The commoner reject this and made rebellions,

therefore the Shang dynasty become cruel, immoral and tyrant because they

also wants to control everything in the empire. But, by (221 bc) the Shang

dynasty faced the last rebellion, in King Wen found the Chou dynasty which

believed that heaven gave a mandate to rule, which sanctioned the political

authority of the kings. During this dynasty the laws were in based of

uniform regulations, they were well-field system, also during this dynasty

the Confucianism has began, with Master Kong (K'ung, Confucius, 551-479 B.C.)

he did not intend to found a new religion, but to interpret and try to

revived the unnamed religion of the Zhou (Chou) dynasty, under which many

people thought the ancient system of religious rule was bankrupt. Confucius,

believed that the basis lay in Zhou religion, in its statecraft were the

bases of sound policy, which, he call "rituals" ( the actions beyond the

formal sacrifices and religious ceremonies.) Confucianism was represent the

emergent class of the administrators and advisers that now were needed to

help the ruling aristocracy deal with the complicated problems of domestic

administration and interstate relations. Also he was the affirmation of

accepted Values and norms of behavior in primary social institutions and

basic human relationship. Confucius ethical vision ran against the grain of

the legalistic mind of set of his day. Chou dynasty collapsed in 256 bc.

Shih Huang Ti become as emperor of the Ch'in (Qin) dynasty, which first

unified the nation in 221 B.C. This dynasty adopted landholding private, and

taxation were enforced equally and impersonally, but the wall building and

other public works made the Ch'in dynasty increasing the taxation emperor of

the Ch'in dynasty, which first unified the nation. This dynasty adopted

landholding private, and taxation were enforced equally and impersonally, but

the wall building and other public works made the Ch'in dynasty increasing

the taxation in based of repression of ideas, this dynasty was

anti-intellectual, anti-Confucianism, in addition, the literate classes were

alienated by government policies of thought control, particularly the burning

of books. therefore in (207 bc).

Liu pang proclaimed himself emperor, founding the Han dynasty, he tried to

follow in the footsteps of the Qin. the Han at the beginning changed some of

the unfair laws and taxes. As, some laws were abolished, taxes were reduced,

in order to lessened the tension of the masses. Also to promoted economy.

But The Han Empire began to fall apart as the large landholding families,

taking advantage of the weakness of the imperial government. In addition,

all kinds of taxes were placed on farmers to ensure that monopolize, or

become too much stronger than others citizens, in those eras. The Han dynasty

also re-introduced ideas of Confucianism as the main school of thought. These

ideas sound to provide people with jobs and titles according to skills and

merit not their lineage. So a test to find the best civil servants was

adopted. the Han dynasty had faced corruption. Also, in the present.

Farmer's were/are fed up with the taxes and corruption of the local communist

party as we can clearly see in the article of New York Times from January 8.

Regimes from both the past and the present wanted to attain a state of total

control with the help of strong police forces to help control any

disagreements or revels. With the quote of an official from china ideals of

how the needs of a state outweigh individuals needs the official exact words

were strength is gained through unity but the rivers of the state will decide

what is the best decision. In the Han dynasty during the Ch'ang period,

sacrifice for benefit of state was new but very important. An example in the

period from AD 9 to 23 Wang Mang was murder when he tried to establish a

reform that every citizen will have equal political, economic, social and

civil rights. As in the present, in January 8 Zhang Huangli was murder

fighting for his rights.

At one time in China, commerce duly benefited the state, a feeling of

disagreement come over to people who saw or thought that the government was

using the products of farmers and not rewarding them or recognizing them.

Disagreements in China have continued to grow, according to the New York

Times article. Wanting total control and feeling Dissents will cause more

problems in the future.

The feelings of disagreements and/or dissent will feed to the problems in

china's agriculture. Violence and problems needed to be prevented as much as

possible. An example of these problems is how the Chinese dynasty, feel

apart after being in the same situation and seeing that the history is

Word Count: 837


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