World History/Causes Of The French Revolution- term paper 14514

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Causes of the French Revolution-

The statement citing the essential cause of the French

Revolution as the "collision between a powerful, rising bourgeoisie

and an entrenched aristocracy defending it's privileges" has great

pertinence in summarizing the conflict of 1789. The causes of the

French Revolution, being provoked by this collision of powers, was the

Financial debt of the government and the long-standing political

differences in the government.

Over the course of twenty-five years after the Seven Years' War,

the government of France--the Bourgeoisie royalty, could not manage

it's finances on a sound basis. This was worsened when France aided

the American Revolution against Great Britain. The Government had

reached great financial debt. The problem lied and continued because

of the government's inability to tap the wealth of the French nation

by taxation. There was a great paradox in France being a rich nation

with a government in poverty. The deteriorating finances of the

government is what triggered the prolonged differences between the

Bourgeoisie and the aristocracy.

The political differences between the monarchy and the nobles

came about after the Seven Years' war also. The increasing debt of the

government escalated the hope for the monarchy to resume a "absolute

power" status as it did with Louis XIV. However this could not be

accomplished because of the doubt that the public had towards the

present kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, and the public could not be

swayed to help. The only result of the attempts for absolutism by the

monarchy were a series of new and increase taxes on the nobles. The

aristocracy immediately reacted to these taxes as declaring them

unfair and would not accept them. Louis XV began with a series of

Financial advisors chancellors which all had the intention of saving

the monarchy from financial ruin. They made many attempts at taxation,

such as a land tax, but each of these were defeated by the nobles --

the Parlements were even destroyed for a brief time, but were later

restored by Louis XVI in attempt to gain public support. The

government continued to become poorer and poorer and it seemed the

only successful taxation was done towards the peasants, whom had the

least money. The monarchy eventually fell and caused great unrest

leading to the French Revolution.

The French Revolution was caused by the escalating rivalry

between the monarchy and the aristocracy. The conflict would make an

impact on all of Europe to come and even world history. All this

turmoil was caused by a bunch of greedy Nobles and kings which wanted

power and money. It seems this problem repeats history, even today --

because big money-makers, like Texas Oil Ranchers, wouldn't pay to fix

pollution problems early on it eventually lead and is still leading to

great conflict for the future.


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