Anthropology Essays & Term Papers

91 total

In 1753, Carl von Linne, more commonly known as Linnaeus, gave the scientific name to the cacao tree. As a chocolate lover, Linnaeus named the cacao tree Theobroma cacao; the first part he took from the Greek meaning "food of the gods." As a chocolate lover myself, I chose Theobroma cacao as my topic to explore the sociocultural history of the flavorful product made from the cacao bean, chocolate. The word "chocolate" is said to derive from the Mayan "xocoatl" and cacao from the Aztec "

Jades in Chinese Culture and Religion My hypothesis is that jades held some kind of religious significance to the Hongshan people. A jade is a strongly colored stone that can be polished to a shine. As many people may know, jades are abundant in Chinese culture. Ancient Chinese considered jades to be sacred material. It is said that jades reflect the cosmological and religious views of the people of ancient China. The manufacture of jades can be traced back 12,000 years thanks to a discover

Click Here For Research Papers Online! Charles Darwin and the Development and impact of the Theory of Evolution by Natural and Sexual Selection Introduction It is commonly thought today that the theory of evolution originated from Darwin in the nineteenth century. However, the idea that species mutate over time has been around for a long time in one form or another. Therefore, by Darwin's time the idea that species change from one type into another was by no means new, but

The article OBuilding a Better HumanO in USA TodayOs June 1990 issue discusses the trend in medicine towards mechanical implants. This is only one of the many ways in which humans have used culture to overcome biological insufficiencies. The article is very brief and superficial; it raises many questions and offers few answers. Two phrases used in the article that are of particular interest are Ocreate speciesO and Ogo beyond our inherited biologyO. Both of these statements contai

When Charles Darwin released his findings on Natural Selection in 1858, he did not do so in a vacuum. Many factors contributed to the formulation of his theories, and many popular misconceptions contradicted his conclusions to the point that he was reluctant to publish them for sixteen years. Despite widely held opposing doctrine, the intellectual environment of the day was already receptive for DarwinOs ideas. Although considered radical at the time, these ideas can be seen in retrospect as

About one million years ago, Homo erectus populations began migrating out of East Africa. They soon spread into South and West Africa, Asia and Europe. This adaptive radiation was the result of several biological and cultural factors. H. erectus was physically larger than earlier hominids. This probably allowed them to fun faster and further than their ancestors and could have given them an advantage in hunting and escaping. It may also have increased their food gathering abilities by expan

The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not what you are looking at. Yo

This essay will be a report on my phylogeny of the australopithecus. It will be base on data gained from the analysis of the dental morphology of the austraopithecus's, the structure of the head, the dates and brain size which correspond to the each australopithecine all in relation to the chimpanzee and the modern human. The phylogeny I will be supporting is as follows; 4m.y.a 3m.y.a 2m.y.a.

Joshua T Hermsmeyer T TH 2-3:30 Essay 1 Evolutionism vs. Creationism The theory of evolution and the belief in a Creator have long been considered separate and mutually exclusive realms of human thought . Strict interpretations by scientists of Darwin's theory of species adaptation through natural selection must inherently run contrary to equally strict interpretations of Genesis I. This is true because of the profound discrepancies that exist between the two explanations of human ori

The Evolution of Man Ben Bader Humans have existed on the Earth for approximately 3.4 million years. At least, that's from when the oldest human ancestors have been found. The oldest known human is the fossil "Lucy," an Australopithecus, discovered by Donald Johnson and M. Taieb. Australopithecines looked more like primates than modern-day Homo Sapiens; they walked semi-upright, they had low, sloping foreheads, protruding jaws, almost no facial expressions, thick body hair, and were about

The Aborigines of Australia can be viewed in three different views. All cultures have the basic three different categories. These three categories form a pyramid. At the bottom of the pyramid is technology. Technology is anything the culture uses to aid themselves. In the middle of the pyramid is social system. The social system refers to the way they organize their society, and which roles everyone plays. At the top of the pyramid is world view. World view is they way the culture sees the world

I. INTRODUCTION Are you really what you eat? Why are people born with certain unique tendencies? Are matter and spirit separate, or the same? Although seemingly unrelated, these questions are unified by the subject under consideration in this paper: the Hindu caste system. The caste system itself is unified by the concern of ritual purity. According to the Encyclop?dia Britannica: the caste system has been a dominating aspect of social organization for thousands of years. A caste, gen

Scientific Name: Hylobates lar, Family: Hylobatidae, Order: Primates, Class: Mammalia, Geographic distribution: Tropical rainforest of Southeast Asia. White-handed gibbons lack a prehensile tail and they use a form of locomotion called brachiation to swing from tree to tree and branch to branch. Among the anthropoid apes they are fully BI-pedal, walking and running in an almost erect position like man. Sugary fruits are delicacies to the gibbon. They are most selective feeders and are primarily

Evolution By: Nick Babeaux The Evolution of Humans has existed on the Earth for approximately 3.4 million years. At least, that's from when the oldest human ancestors have been found. The oldest known human is the fossil "Lucy," an Australopithecus, discovered by Donald Johnson and M. Taieb. Australopithecine's looked more like primates than modern-day Homo Sapiens; they walked semi-upright, they had low, sloping foreheads, protruding jaws, almost no facial expressio

Pro-choice Abortion, there are two ways to look at it, for it or against it. Both ways offer different points that make people want it, but I think that pro-choice meaning you have a choice to keep an unborn child or not is the best way to go. For now abortion is legal in the US at any time during the nine months of pregnancy, and there are many organizations petitioning to change or bend these guidelines. Shouldn't every child be wanted, is a slogan for the popular Planned Pa

The Coming of Age in Ethnography In 1928, American anthropologist Margaret Mead wrote her groundbreaking doctoral dissertation, Coming of Age in Samoa. Mead, then a student of Frank Boas the 'Father of American Anthropology' and Ruth Benedict, was schooled in the concept of 'cultural determination'. This, theoretical background inspired and gave direction to her study of the Samoan societal structure. In Coming of Age in Samoa, Mead focused on female youth development in the Manu'an Is

Body Language: Cultural or Universal? Body language and various other nonverbal cues have long been recognized as being of great importance to the facilitation of communication. There has been a long running debate as to whether body language signals and their meanings are culturally determined or whether such cues are innate and thus universal. The nature versus nurture dichotomy inherent in this debate is false; one does not preclude the other's influence. Rather researchers should seek to

At the time of the Spanish conquest, the religion of the Aztecs was polytheistic, based on the worship of a multitude of personal gods, most of them with well-defined attributes. Nevertheless, magic and the idea of certain impersonal and occult forces played an important role among the people. There was, in addition, among the uneducated classes tendency to exaggerate polytheism by conceiving of as gods, also, what to the priests, were only manifestations or attributes of one god ( Caso, 1987

Skull Comparison Lab Report We were recently assigned the task of examining, note taking, comparing, and contrasting three different types of skulls. All three had the same basic makeup, but each had its own special features similar to us. The theory that all of us are different in some certain way by form of variation; which set the one apart from the others and made it obviously a different type of organism or species. We had been told to determine which two groups of skulls were most close

"Altruism and It's Relationship to Evolutionary Biology" There are two separate ways of thinking concerning altruism and it's relationship to evolutionary biology. One is the belief that altruism is a big part of society as a whole and it is the best way to promote survive of a population as a whole. Darwin, in The Descent of Man, says that sometimes a member of a group may act selflessly as long as it works out in the long term for the group as a whole (Darwin). This is the theory that I

In the history of anthropology I have learned many new theories I have never known before, there are a great many objectives and thoughts that I had never even knew existed before. Learning about the history of anthropology has opened my mind of thinking in all these different schools of thoughts. One thing that has shocked me is that I have learned the early evolutionists had never done fieldwork, but would make assumptions. The person that has shocked me the most is the theories H

Social Sciences in Theatre How are the social sciences associated with theatre? In his article Performance Studies , Helbo identifies many social sciences associated with theatre including psychology, sociology, and semiotics. Psychology, he states, has greatly increased the work of the actor by giving him a tool to examine his character or role in greater depth. Psychology has also affected the spectator by creating a release and even a form of therapy. Sociology is used in theatre to det

Ruth Benedict & Margaret Mead After high school, Ruth Benedict took a year off to travel overseas. Upon returning home she was unsure of what she wanted to do with her life. Years later, she married Stanley Benedict, a Biochemistry Professor at Cornell Medical School. In the fall of 1919, Ruth went back to school and began to focus more on anthropology. She studied under the famous diffusionist Franz Boas and became his assistant. Ruth taught Margaret Mead. Ruth and Margaret became

Q2- I. What is Anthropology? Anthropology is the scientific and humanistic study of the human species; it attempts to answer questions to try and solve them; questions of where humans came from, the current status of our species and where we will be in the future. Anthropology is a holistic study in other words it studies our entire being past to future, from genetics to culture. Culture is distinctly human, it is traditions and customs, transmitted through learning, that governs t

Anthropologists trace the origin and evolutionary development of the human race through the study of changing physical characteristics and cultural and social institutions. Anthropological data, including that acquired by archeological techniques, may be applied to solving problems in human relations such as race and ethnic relations and education. People have always been interested in their past history. Although anthropology dates back to Aristotle, it is a commonly accepted

Jessica McCorkle 1/12/00 Review 1/Ant.450 Goody, Jack. 1994. Culture and Its Boundaries: A European View. Assessing Cultural Anthropology. Borofsky, Robert, ed. Pp.250-261. McGraw-Hill, Inc. In the beginning of the article Goody talks about the definition of culture and how it is used. Culture is a difficult word to define. It has many different meanings to many different people. Goody discusses the two ways that social scientists use the word culture. They use "culture" as lear

Although anthropology dates back to Aristotle (384-322 BC), it became an established science during the era of colonial exploration and expansion, because of increased with different peoples of the world. Anthropology developed during the Industrial Revolution, along with the study of geography, and Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. With developments in technology and fieldwork and increased support of governments, these fields have expanded to cover a broad range of social scien

Psychology is a science with abounding applications. It pertains to nearly all aspects of human life and behavior. It reveals mysteries about people, and culture as well. Psychology plays a large role in the field of Anthropology, a field devoted piecing together the puzzle of cultures around the world. The area of psychology best suited for this field is named cross-cultural psychology. Psychology and Anthropology are two studies that go hand in hand. To study one is to use the other.

Mead, Margaret Mead, Margaret (1901-78), American anthropologist, widely known for her studies of primitive societies and her contributions to social anthropology.Mead was born in Philadelphia on December 16, 1901, and was educated at Barnard College and at Columbia University. In 1926 she became assistant curator of ethnology at the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, and she subsequently served as associate curator (1942-64) and as curator (1964-69). She was direc

Anthropologists have always had their discrepancies with the word culture and its background significance. There have been numerous definitions that have filtered through the field, yet not one that everyone can accept or agree with. Franz Boas, an anthropologist in the early 20th Century, and his students, had a difficult time figuring out the objective of what culture is. Culture is about learning and shared ideas about behaviour. Although Boas and his students had a slightly differ

Today’s dogs serve as a number of different tools. We train dogs to see for the blind, we train them to sniff for drugs, we train them to save people’s lives, and we train them to be our faithful companions. There is no doubt that the dog has a wide variety of skills and jobs. We selectively breed the dog to gain the certain attributes we are seeking, and we know which dogs will perform the best at what we want them to do. The question is how long ago, and why did the dog become o

Father Franz Boas--Father of American Anthropology Franz Boas is often referred to as the father of American anthropology because of the great influence he had in the lives and the careers of the next great generation of anthropologists in America. He came at a time when anthropology was not considered a true science or even a meaningful discipline and brought an air of respectability to the profession, giving those who followed a passion and an example of how to approach anthro

In the middle of this century, bot biological and cultural anthropology experiences a major change in theory. In biological anthropology, biological anthropologists adopted an approach which focused on the gene. They saw the human evolution as the process of genetic adaptation to the environment. In the mean time, there were also cultural analogies to evolution. Cultural evolution also followed a process of adaptation. In the field of anthropology, a very important theory is

When I went on the Internet I found that the most interesting topic on culture. I learned about the !Kung. I got interested in them because they seemed to always be in the anthropology book. In the book these people are always talked about. I wanted to know why these people were so famous among anthropologists. I found that the !Kung were a tribe ruled by themselves and have no king or chief. They are people of the Kalahari Desert and have the ability to adapt to their surroundings. Th

Anthropology: Much better than the other Darwin paper July 20, 1998 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- When Charles Darwin released his findings on Natural Selection in 1858, he did not do so in a vacuum. Many factors contributed to the formulation of his theories, and many popular misconceptions contradicted his conclusions to the point that he was reluctant to publish them for sixteen years. Despite widely held opposing doctrine, the intellec

This is the story of a desperate young man in search of a teacher. The teacher he finds is a gorilla named Ishmael, who, being a member of a species entirely different from ours, has an entirely different vision of our history and our roles as human beings. The story chronicles their conversations over a series of a few days after the young man answers and add in the newspaper reading “Teacher seeks pupil. Must have an earnest desire to save the world”. He is startled by the add be

Anthropology 201 11/25/00 Applied Anthropology Applying Anthropology to Nursing Medical Anthropology is dedicated to the relationship between human behavior, social life, and health within an anthropological context. It provides a forum for inquiring into how knowledge, meaning, livelihood, power, and resource distribution are shaped and how, in turn, these observable facts go on to shape patterns of disease, experiences of health and illness, and the organization of treatments. It

Anthropology may be dissected into four main perspectives, firstly physical or biological anthropology, which is an area of study concerned with human evolution and human adaptation. Its main components are human paleontology, the study of our fossil records, and human genetics, which examines the ways in which human beings differ from each other. Also adopted are aspects of human ecology, ethnology, demography, nutrition, and environmental physiology. From the physical anthropologist

Michael Crichton s life Thesis: Michael Crichton developed a passion for writing, which can be seen in his novels. I. Childhood A. Born October 23,1942 in Chicago. B. Parents were, John Henderson Crichton and Zula(Miller) Crichton. Oldest of four children. II. Growing up A. Lived in Roslyn, New York when he was 6. B. Was a star basketball player in high school. C. Graduated in 1960, from Roslyn high school. D. Decided to go to Harvard University and become a Writer. III. Life at H

In the middle of this century, both biological and cultural anthropology experiences a major change in theory. In biological anthropology, biological anthropologists adopted an approach which focused on the gene. They saw the human evolution as the process of genetic adaptation to the environment. In the mean time, there were also cultural analogies to evolution. Cultural evolution also followed a process of adaptation. In the field of anthropology, a very important theory is that of th

In society today, the discipline of anthropology has made a tremendous shift from the practices it employed years ago. Anthropologists of today have a very different focus from their predecessors, who would focus on relating problems of distant peoples to the Western world. In more modern times, their goal has become much more local, in focusing on human problems and issues within the societies they live. This paper will identify the roles anthropologists today play, such as where

Responsibilities of Anthropologists There is much blindness in the way “civilized” people first percieve people of other cultures. Often times this blindness can lead to arrogance. Anthropology has been important for hundreds of years, describing unknown cultures and explaining their histories. Unfortunately, not all of the work or research these anthropologists do can be completely accurate. Researchers such as Napolean A Chagnon abuse not only the culture under question, but

The late 1800's was a time period where new ideas, theories, and philosophies ran through the minds of many young people. Amongst them was a man be the name of Karl Marx who stood out in the crowd. Known as a man of great integrity and intelligence, Marx was thought to be one of the greatest thinkers of all time. "Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx: 2nd Edition" by Robert C. Tucker is a book about Marx and his philosophies. Robert C. Tucker in this book ventures out to critique and give

Margaret Mead (1901-1978) Margaret Mead was born on Monday, December 16, 1901, at the West Park Hospital in Philadelphia, P.A. Margaret was the first baby to be born in this hospital, and because of this, she felt different from the rest of the children, because they had all been born at home. Margaret s parents were from the midwest, and because of their professions, the family moved quite a bit living in such places as Hampton, New Jersey; Greenwich Village in New York City, and St. Marks

Neanderthals I have never really had an interest in religion and the beliefs it is made of. This all leaves me confused at times. Religion explains the creation of humankind, since I have no religious beliefs then where does this leave me in thought about where I came from? Actually it left me no where. I have just recently taken an anthropology class the second semester of my freshman year at Montgomery College. I am just know gaining a belief in where and when man was created. Just think, m

After graduating from Shortridge High in 1940 Kurt Vonnegut entered Cornell University. Vonnegut’s father and brother strongly urged him to pursue a degree in biochemistry, and during his studies he found he had no desire for the subject and was rewarded with poor grades. His only enjoyment was found in writing for the Cornell Daily Sun. At Vonnegut’s lowest point he was nearly expelled from school as a result of poor grades, but in 1942 he was drafted into the United States Army.

BIBLIOGRAPHY Hall Stuart (1997) Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices Sage Publications Chapter 1 Dyer, Gillian (1982) Advertising as Communication Routledge London & New York Chapter 5 Giaccardi, Chiara (1995) Television Advertsing and the representation of Social Reality: Theory, Culture & Society, Vol.12, pg 109-131 SAGE, London, Thousand Oaks and New Delhi Wiliamson, Judith (1978) Decoding Advertsing; Ideology and Meaning in Advertsing Marion Boyars, London Kline, Step

Anthropology Final Exam Essay One This course has provided interesting field studies of cultures that are drastically different than what I would consider “everyday life.” Anthropology examines not only who we are as a people, but also, importantly, who we were as a people. The studies of past cultures is a good place to start to answer questions about societies and cultures today, and to bridge together the gap between the past and present, and maybe even predict where we

Contemporary atheism is a positive and new humanism trying to re-found and re-construct the entire human universe of thought and values. It shows the possible abuses of religion and points out all concepts of God are only imperfect means to see him. What they say about God couldn't possibly be. Atheists are avoiding responsibility. God is not like anything we know so stop talking about him. Everything you're saying about God is wrong and invalid. The most important problem is the problem

The French sociologists (holistic approach), during the eighteenth and nineteenth century were much concerned with the nature of society and of the human social institutions. Their interests lay rather in what human society essentially is, than in the history of it s development, either generally or in particular cases. Thus Comte, like his predecessor and teacher Saint Simon, was much concerned to stress that societies are systems, not just aggregates of individuals. Since the socie

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