Archaeology Essays & Term Papers

120 total

Lingenfelter 1 YurchisinEnglish 102-2119 February, 1999Archaeology Have you ever wanted to search the world for lost civilizations? The study of archaeology is practiced around the world. The field of archaeology is a fascinating career for both amateurs and professionals. A career in archaeology is very exciting, which offers travel, study, and the chance to discover the past. Sitting at a desk in a cubicle is a boring job. Jobs should include travel, diversity, involvement, an

Classical Studies (OFC304C) Skills Practice Task Short Answers 1) The sources for ancient history are divided into four categories. Name each of them, and briefly describe two of those categories. „h Archaeology: Archaeology is the science or study of history derived from the evidence of the relics and remains of early human cultures as discovered chiefly by systematic excavations. The Oxford Classical dictionary defines archaeology as ‘the study of the whole material cul

Princess Daisy Wendell, 86, died Friday, November 17th, 2065 while scuba diving off the coast of the island of Thera in Greece in search of the lost city of Atlantis. She was born on October 19, 1979 in Bedford, TX. Her parents are Jane and Max Wendell. She was the oldest of three siblings, Clarissa, Jessica, and Dallas. Daisy was best known for turning the United States’ and Mexico’s education systems around. As a Peace Corps volunteer from her early 20’s to mid 3

BATALIMO-MALUBA What is it? Batalimo-Maluba is an archaeological site where many items were produced, such as stone tools, but it is most noted for its pottery. Where is it? The Batalimo-Maluba Horizon is located in Central Africa. Batalimo is located in the extreme south of the Central African Republic near the Lobaye/Ubangi confluence, some 500 km east of Obobogo. Maluba is located close to Batalimo, in Zaire, deep into a forest along the Ubangi River. Batalimo is situated on the

The Romans The placing of Arthur is a difficult task, considering that we have so very little to go on and several conflicting traditions from which to draw. Most of the early tales of Arthur are Welsh. Some of the later tales are Scottish. A great many of the tales call Arthur King of the Britons, which can be taken to mean that he was king of just Britain, excluding Wales and Scotland. Sites with Arthur's name in them abound and, taken together, would probably cover the expan

COMMENT IN A JOURNAL OR MOVIE IN WHICH NATIVE AMERICANS ARE DEPICTED. The mystery of the Last Red Plant People is the movie I picked to write on how the Native Americans are depicted. Two increbible people wrote this movie, T.W Timreck and William Goetzmann.This movie entails the true historical facts and new discoveries about the native Americans. The movie to be precise, talks about the Seapeoples of the northeastern refer to as scientists. I observed and learned

Why are so many cultures similar, yet different? Culture is the beliefs, behavior, language, and entire way of life of a particular time or group of people. Culture includes customs, ceremonies, works of art, inventions, technology, and traditions. The term also may have a more specific definition and can describe the intellectual and artistic achievements of a society. Things that culture break down into are anthropology, archaeology, art, civilization, education, history, human evo

Archaeology The history of past cultures has been a fascinating topic of debate and discovery for hundreds of years. From the discoveries of fossilized elephant bones leading to the legends of the gigantic Cyclops to the modern day discoveries of the remains of ancient Mayan temples and the shaman that lived there, archaeologists have been bringing the facts back to life. Man has, of course, always been interested in the question of his origin, and as prehistoric remains so often lie ne

Colonel T. E. Lawrence, known as Lawrence of Arabia, was a guerrilla leader in the Arab Revolt of 1916-18, which expelled the Turks from western Arabia and Syria during World War I. Lawrence was an aloof, complex, versatile, somewhat arrogant genius, and his exploits made him a popular, if enigmatic, hero in the Western world. Thomas Edward Lawrence was born at Tremadoc, Wales, on Aug. 15, 1888. His father, Sir Thomas Robert Chapman, was an Anglo-Irish landholder who left his wife for his fam

Archaeology There is a saying that goes: One must first have an understanding of the past in order to proceed into the future. An archaeologist s job, therefore, is very important because they have the crucial role of interpreting the past through archaeological finds. How does an archaeologist go about doing this? How does he interpret his findings? How are the artifacts that he finds related to the behaviors of past humans? Concepts such as patterning and middle range theory are the mai

November 22, 19 World Civilization to 1500 Research Paper When Heinrich Schliemann emerged from Turkey in June of 1873 with a hoard of treasure, the whole world took note. He claimed to have found the ruins of ancient Troy. Schliemann had rejected the prevailing scholarly doctrine that Homer was a mythmaker, not a historian or scholar. Even today, some people argue that the actual ruins of the historical city of Troy are in Croatia, not Hisarlik, Turkey, as Schliemann claimed. This

It s Not There Archaeology Proves a Negative -By Margreet Steiner Introduction Most people have heard of the City of David, a thriving metropolis. But did this city really exist. Many scholars are still not sure. Little evidence has been found to prove that a developed city Gihon Spring. This would have to be the locating of the city of Jerusalem because Gihon was the only source of water in this region. Outline A. Time Periods 1. Late Bronze Age a. 1550-1200 B.C.E. b. Period b

Stonehenge Medieval Mathematics Math in Medieval times was evident at Stonehenge. Stonehenge and its purpose remains an mystery even now, more than 4,000 years after it was first constructed. It could have been a temple, an astronomical calendar, or guide to the heavens. Despite the fact that we don't know its purpose for certain, Stonehenge acts as a prehistoric timepiece, allowing us to theorize what it would have been like during the Neolithic Period, and who could have built this

“The Significance of” “Anthropologists and Archaeologists” Anthropologists and archaeologists have influenced our lives in so many ways. They have taken us back to our most humble beginnings. They have given us an awareness of just how far we have come through the centuries. Archaeology is the investigating of life by unearthing and interpreting the objects left behind by earlier peoples and cultures, dating back to prehistoric times. Anthropology is the scientific stu

In geography there was traditions. Later on a newer and better way of geography came along called the themes of geography. The traditions are as follows.1.The special tradition includes:the art of mapping or cartography, the importance of position and layout, including records of sailing distance, coastlines and landmarks.2.Area studies and tradition:Based on literary standards and an almost omnivorous appetite for information, self-conscious companionship with history.3.Man-Land Tradit

When did people first come to North America is a highly publicized question in archaeology. This question has been the focal point of many archaeologists careers. Although this question is really no more important than any other unanswered archaeological question; it remains a cataclysm for many, if not all, North American archaeologists To the North American archaeologist the migration of humans from Siberia to North America is a topic of dispute no matter what his or her field of study mi

As I began my search for an artifact to identify from the Late Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, I looked for a piece that would symbolize a major difference in stylistic change from the previous period. The artifact that captured my attention and satisfied my requirement, was none other than the Falling Warrior from the East Pediment at the Temple of Aphaia at Aegina. The subjects depicted in the pediment represent the warriors from the battles at Troy. The Falling Warrior was created c. 4

The Aztecs The Aztecs were the native American people who dominated northern México at the time of the Spanish conquest led by Hernan Cortes in the early 16th century. According to their own legends, they originated from a place called Aztlan, somewhere in north or northwest Mexico. At that time the Aztecs (who referred to themselves as the Mexica or Tenochca) were a small, nomadic, Nahuatl-speaking aggregation of tribal peoples living on the margins of civilized Mesoamerica

The Aztecs/Mexicas were the native American people who dominated northern M xico at the time of the Spanish conquest led by Hernan CORTES in the early 16th century. According to their own legends, they originated from a place called Aztlan, somewhere in north or northwest Mexico. At that time the Aztecs (who referred to themselves as the Mexica or Tenochca) were a small, nomadic, Nahuatl-speaking aggregation of tribal peoples living on the margins of civilized Mesoamerica. Sometime in the

The search for the explanation of human origins is the goal and often life long commitment of many Anthropologists. Every time a major discovery is made we move closer to discovering a piece of the puzzle that is human evolution. Major contributions have been made by a number of men and women. Some of the more famous names like Raymond Dart, and Tim White are known for the huge discoveries they made. However, no name is more famous in the search for human origins then Leakey. The Leakey

"Did the early Egyptians have help in building the pyramids?" All over the world remain fantastic objects, vestiges of people or forces which the theories of archaeology, history, and religion cannot explain. There is something inconsistent about our archaeology. They have found electric batteries many thousands of years old. They have found strange beings in perfect space-suits with platinum fasteners. They have also found numbers with fifteen digits-something not registered by any

What history is to a nation, memory is to the individual. Both serve to locate us, to tell us who we are by reminding us of what we have been and done. And both, as Kazuo Ishiguro suggests, are open to selection, repression and revision. The Remains of the Day, Ishiguro's third novel, examines the intersections of individual memory and national history through the mind of Stevens, a model English butler who believes that he has served humanity by devoting his life to the service of a

Paleolithic Home Bases: Recent Archaeological History -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Glynn Isaac Defines "the Homebase Hypothesis" It has been argued since Darwin's day that the great apes were man's nearest living relatives, and as evidence emerged during the late 1960's of the hunting propensities and simple tool use of chimpanzees (Goodall 1986), anthropologists found more and more reason to presume similarity of behavior between modern (

Based on Legend, approximately around 776 BCE, Koroibos crossed the finish line at the altar of Zeus and was crowned the first winner in Olympic history. Thus was the beginning of the ancient phenomenon of the Olympic Games. A time where all war would come to a pause as men would test their valor against fellow man in peaceful physical competition. This competition was partaken in stadiums at select locations. These men were considered elite athletes and representative of many men. This

Greek vases were make not only in Greece but also in the Aegean islands, on the west coast of Asia minor, south Italy and Sicily. The place where they were made the most was in Athens, where many awesome vases were produced. These were exported to places all around the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Greek vases were also produced at many other placces; Corinth, placed an important postion for transportation; Laconia, an area whose capital was Sparta; Boeotia, north-west from Attic;

England is famous for its educational institutes. It has some of the most famous universities of the world like Oxford, Cambridge and London universities. The city of Cambridge is in the county of Cambridgeshire and is famous because it is the home of Cambridge University, one of the oldest and most prestigious universities of the world. The Cambridge City occupies an area of 16 square miles. It is 50 miles north of London and stands on the East Bank of the River Cam, and was originally a pla

England is famous for its educational institutes. It has some of the most famous universities of the world like Oxford, Cambridge and London universities. The city of Cambridge is in the county of Cambridgeshire and is famous because it is the home of Cambridge University, one of the oldest and most prestigious universities of the world. The Cambridge City occupies an area of 16 square miles. It is 50 miles north of London and stands on the East Bank of the River Cam, and was or

Love Your God With All Your Mind For the majority of people who call themselves the body of Christ, it would be an understatement to say that we do not love Christ with all our minds. The whole of our mind-loving, usually consists of a severely fragmented head knowledge about the basics of salvation, along with several dogmatic stances regarding some very difficult passage of scripture that we use to categorize each other into whichever Christian sect is the most conducive to our lifestyle.

Charles Robert Darwin In 1859 when Charles Darwin published his book "The Origin of Species", it caused much controversy between the scientific and religious worlds. It caused many people to question their belief in the teaching of the Bible. The strongly held belief that the Bible was the literal truth clashed with the Darwin theory. Some people rejected and scorned Darwin while others tried to reevaluate their beliefs. Darwin theorized that species evolved from other species. The belie

Part 1: The History The arts of Korea, while largely influenced by Chinese, are characterized by simplicity, spontaneity and naturalism. A work of Korean art is not very meticulous in tiny details. It rather tends to embrace wholeness. This seemingly indifference lies in the flexible state of mind of early Korean artists who love nature as it is. Ko Yu-sop, a Korean art scholar, defines the characteristic aspects of Korean art as "technique without technique," "planning without plannin

Early Cross-Culture Settlement on the Northern Black Sea Coast Scyles was a Scythian prince who led a double life. He was a prince of the Scythian nomads who controlled a large area surrounding the Greek colonies on the northern Black Sea coast. But like all great Greek plays, his story is a tragedy. Scyles was fascinated by the city of Olbia and the high culture of the Greeks. So he created a second life for himself within the walls of Olbia; he kept a Geek wife and built a palace to

In this semester, we spent a great deal of time on pottery and the making of clay sculptures. I learned a great deal from only the three pieces I made. All of my pieces were created by hand using only a pin-tool and a sponge. The three pieces I made were an ashtray and two feet that I will be using for bookends. I will now go into the process I used in creating each piece. First, I created my ashtray. I decided to make this ashtray because it was a simple way to ease into pottery. I fir

GREAT ZIMBABWE This article which I have chosen to read, is about a ruined city of southeast Zimbabwe south of Harare. Great Zimbabwe is an ancient city on the plateau in sub-Saharan Africa. Great Zimbabwe was supposedly a city that controlled much trade and culture of southern Africa during the 12th and 17th centuries because it was stationed on the shortest route between the northern gold fields, and the Indian Ocean. Archaeologists believed that this masterful stonework was built somewhere

History, has been, and will continue to be, an important part of society. Frederick Jackson Turner once said, “Each age tries to form its own conception of the past. Each age writes the history of the past anew with references to the conditions uppermost in its own times.” (New) Today our culture views some events as significant and others that have impacted society just as much, oftentimes do not receive as much credit. “The Discourse on Language”, by Michel Foucault, encompa

COLLEGE RESEARCH PAPER Choosing a college during the final years of high school can be a long strenuous process, full of many lifelong decisions. These decisions can be broken down into six categories. The categories are cost, entrance requirements, location, living arrangements, unique programs, and extracurricular activities. The University of Missouri St. Louis and the University of Missouri, Columbia have some similarities yet many more differences. A major concern when deciding

The remains of ancient plants can provide a wealth of archaeological information about a site, with many methods being available to the archaeologist engaged in extracting this data. Perhaps one of the most widely-known of these techniques, possibly because of its attractive nature, is pollen analysis - a technique developed in the early years of the twentieth century by, like so many archaeological techniques, a geologist -- the Norwegian Lennart van Post. To understand the technique and th

Romeo & Juliet Romeo and Juliet is one of Shakespeare's plays about tragedy. It is about two lovers who commit suicide when their feuding famillies prevent them from being together. The play has many characters, each with its own role in keeping the plot line. Some characters have very little to do with the plot but some have the plot revolving around them. Friar Lawrence does not have very much time on stage but the time he does have is crucial to the plot line. Through his words Fr

"We could describe (Heinrich) Schliemann's excavations on the hill of Hissarlik and consider their results without speaking of Troy or even alluding to it," Georges Perrot wrote in 1891 in his Journal des Savants. "Even then, they would have added a whole new chapter to the history of civilization, the history of art" (qtd. in Duch ne 87). Heinrich Schliemann's life is the stuff fairy tales are made of. A poor, uneducated, and motherless boy rises through his hard work and parsimonious lifes

Michael Woods brings up an interesting mystery of the ancient world that puzzles learned people of modern times. Although Wood strongly suggests that the “Sea Peoples” were a result of mass migrations, recent research has disproved many of the theories upon which Wood based his opinions. There is evidence to show that the “Sea Peoples” were not a product of mass migrations. The Trojan War, much like the “Sea Peoples” remains a mystery. Many theories

Book Review on Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs and Steel Why is it that Europeans ended up conquering so much of the world? Or as Yali puts it in the far beginning of the book, “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own”? Despite all the contrary evidence from anthropology and human biology, many persist in attributing the differing political and economic successes of the world’s peoples

For decades, the situation in Palestine has been promoted as an "Arab" issue, or a "Palestinian" issue, and Muslims have, by and large, gone along with this charade. Such a belief gas proven fatal as the Zionists have succeeded in further dividing the opposition to their occupation of Palesine, with the inevitable weaknesses that implies. And yet, paradoxiically, with the latest "peace treaties", between themselves and Jordan, and with the Palestinians of Yasser Arafat's Palestine Nat

Water, the most valuable, and yet vital substance known to mankind. Without it, our bodies would malfunction, and we would eventually all die. This majestic substance has a character that is found in no other place on earth. However water can cause catastrophic events to occur, one of them being a flood. A Great Flood. The flood that inundated the Black Sea in about 5600 BC. Much say the flood never occurred, others say it has. The Great Flood as described in Noah's Ark, and in the Epic of Gil

Whalon Herbert Anthropology 108 17 November 2000 Dr. Ringle, Professor Stonehenge is without a doubt the most interesting monument in Europe. The ring of stones standing in the open vastness of Salisbury Plain is an evocative image of wonder and mystery. (Scarre, 130) Stonehenge is both traditional and unique in Britain colorful history. It is traditional in that it falls within a whole class of monuments characterized by circular banks and ditches, or by rings of standing stones. I

Why do we study primate behavior? The answer is simple: To learn more about ourselves, and how we, as humans, might have been in our evolutionary past. By studying other primates, we can learn many things about ourselves, and our more animalistic behaviors. We can learn and develop a series of derived traits or our ancestral traits. Through archaeology we can interpret our ancestor s social patterns and trace the development of our own human culture. Primates are like a mirror into our pas

Teotihuacan: Place of the Gods Research Paper History of Civilization I Teotihuacan, the name of the magnificent and dramatic urban center about thirty-three miles north-east of modern day Mexico City, has been variously translated from the Nahua language of the Aztec people as “the dwelling place of the gods” and “the place where men become gods”. (Baldwin) Names of the city and buildings all come from the Aztecs. It is believed that their religion was composed of a female

The life of a person can greatly be influenced by early life experiences. Such was the case of Thornton Wilder as his early childhood experiences and his college life greatly impacted the development of his writing techniques in many of his acclaimed novels and plays. It can be seen through his literary works, such as the play Our Town, that his exceptional style of writing truly reflects the influences he had during his lifetime. His experiences with his family and the inspiration built by

The Olive Branch Like dragonflies their [dead bodies] have filled the river. Like a raft they have moved to the edge [of the boat]. Like a raft they have moved to a river bank (flood-myth.com, 3/15/00). Whether the above is fact, fiction, myth, or legend it appears that all civilizations have a strong fascination with The Deluge. Bible believers feel that it was an act of God, who intern wanted to cleanse the earth of immoral people and evildoers. Chosen survivors, for example Noah, a

The Olive Branch “ Like dragonflies their [dead bodies] have filled the river. Like a raft they have moved to the edge [of the boat]. Like a raft they have moved to a river bank ” (flood-myth.com, 3/15/00). Whether the above is fact, fiction, myth, or legend it appears that all civilizations have a strong fascination with The Deluge. Bible believers feel that it was an act of God, who intern wanted to cleanse the earth of immoral people and evildoers. Chosen survivors, for examp

Intro In 479 B.C. the Athenian victory over the Persians in the battle of Plateia failed to quell fighting between the two sides. Athens began supporting Egyptian revolts, which were aimed at overthrowing the Persian rule and establishing a national dynasty. In 459 B.C. the Athenians supported the revolt of the Libyan prince Inaros, by sending him 200 warships and aiding him in taking the capital of Memphis. Donald Kagan states In order to establish legitimacy, Inaros liked himself with Ni

Were the ancient games better than ours? More fair and square? More about sports and less about money? Are modern games more sexist? More political? Have we strayed from the ancient Olympic ideal? It's easy to assume that the ancient Olympic Games were different, that ancient Greek athletes were pure in mind and body, that they trained and competed for no other reason than the love of physical exercise, fair competition and to honor their gods. In fact, politics, nationalism, commercialism

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